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    International Business Contrasts.

    Show what the differences are between domestic contracts and their international counterparts.

    ? Specifically the elements of an international contract.
    ? The different types of international contract, if any exist.
    ? What kind of problems may arise when drafting them
    ? Contract Enforceability - organizations that are set up to help companies work with foreign countries/companies
    ? What are some case samples that companies have gone to court over?
    ? Are there any international organizations that can enforce contracts?

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    Show what the differences are between domestic contracts and their international counterparts.

    Student: The differences are described in the section covering contract enforceability.

    ? Specifically the elements of an international contract.

    An international contract, following elements may be present:

    Definition of terms (for example, Incoterms 2000)
    Limiting agreement to the contract
    Goods description
    Contents of the payment clause
    The 'retain property until payment' clause
    Trade terms (shipping terms, as with Incoterms 2000)
    Force majeure
    Dispute resolution
    Applicable law and jurisdiction
    Fees and charges - including what you are responsible for and what your buyer is responsible for.

    Reference: http://www.doir.wa.gov.au/2416.aspx

    ? The different types of international contract, if any exist.

    Different types of cross border or international contracts include contract of sale, contract of carriage, etc.

    ? What kind of problems may arise when drafting them:

    For contracts made between parties within the same country, missing or indefinite terms may be filled in by local laws or practices. The rationale is that the parties likely intended to follow the local laws and practices with which they were familiar. If the parties are from different countries, their intentions cannot be so easily implied because they herald from different legal systems and no doubt utilize dissimilar business practices. For this reason, it is essential for your international contract to spell out in definite terms the rights and obligations of each party.

    International Laws

    In recognition of the difficulties that parties face in contracting across country boundaries, the international community has begun to adopt systems of laws and rules to be applied instead of local laws in transactions between parties located in different countries. The intent behind adopting uniform, international laws is to ensure that all parties to a cross-border transaction are subject to the same set of rules, regardless of whether the laws of their home countries are dissimilar. If parties to an international sales contract are nationals of countries that have acceded to an international treaty or pact, such as the United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG), they may rely on international law to determine at least some of their rights and obligations.

    In general, it is unwise to rely on the law, even international law, for implied contractual terms. The application of international laws to the interpretation of a contract can lead to unexpected and even unfavorable results. Thus, if an international contract of sale fails to provide a delivery time and the buyer sues for breach when the seller fails to deliver within one month, the contract may be deemed invalid under the local law of the buyer's country because of the absence of an essential term. But if a court applies international law, it may imply a reasonable delivery time of two months in accordance with the practice of the industry and therefore may enforce the contract.

    Preciseness and Predictability

    To avoid an unfavorable and uncertain result, it is best to define your rights and obligations in a written contract when you are dealing across country ...

    Solution Summary

    International Business: Compare domestic to international contracts