Mesa Company specializes in the production of small fancy picture frames, which are exported from the U.S. to the United Kingdom. Mesa invoices the exports in pounds and converts the pounds to dollars when they are received. The British demand for these frames is positively related to economic conditions in the United Kingdom. Assume that British inflation and interest rates are similar to the rates in the U.S. Mesa believes that the U.S. balance-of-trade deficit from trade between the U.S. and the United Kingdom will adjust to changing prices between the two countries, while capital flows will adjust to interest rate differentials. Mesa believes that the value of the pound is very sensitive to changing international capital flows, and is moderately sensitive to international trade flows. Mesa is considering the following information:
*The U.K. inflation rate is expected to decline, while U.S. inflation rate is expected to rise.
*British interest rates are expected to decline, while U.S. interest rates are expected to increase.
2. Using the information provided, will Mesa expect the pound to appreciate or depreciate in the future? Explain.
4. Based on your answer to question 2, how would Mesa's cash flows be affected by the expected exchange rate movements? Explain.
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Using the information provided, will Mesa expect the pound to appreciate or depreciate in the future? Explain.
As a general rule, a currency with lower inflation is expected to see increase in its currency values and thus, lower inflation in UK will lead to strengthening of pound against US dollar. This is due to the fact that lower inflation will increase the purchasing power of pound as compared to other currencies such as US dollar. Thus, as a result of higher inflation in USA and lower inflation in UK, the value of pound will appreciate against US dollar.
Based on your ...
how would Mesa's cash flows be affected by the expected exchange rate movements? Explain.