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Analyzing and Comparing Information Income Statements

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Marriott International, Inc., and Wyndham Worldwide Corporation are two major owners and managers of lodging and resort properties in the United States. Abstracted income statement information for the two companies is as follows for a recent year:

x Marriott Wyndham
x (in millions) (in millions)
Operating profit before other expenses and interest \$695 \$718
Other income (expenses) 36 12
Interest expense (180) (167)
Income before income taxes \$551 \$563
Income tax expense 93 184
Net income \$458 \$379

Balance sheet information is as follows:

x Marriott Wyndham
x (in millions) (in millions)
Total liabilities \$7,398 \$6,499
Total stockholders' equity 1,585 2,917
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity \$8,983 \$9,416

The average liabilities, stockholders' equity, and total assets were as follows:

x Marriott Wyndham
x (in millions) (in millions)
Average total liabilities \$7,095 \$6,582
Average total stockholders' equity 1,363 2,802
Average total assets 8,458 9,384

1. Determine the following ratios for both companies (round to one decimal place after the whole percent):
a. Rate earned on total assets
b. Rate earned on total stockholders' equity
c. Number of times interest charges are earned
d. Ratio of liabilities to stockholders' equity

2. Analyze and compare the two companies, using the information in (1).

Solution Preview

Solutions:
a. Calculate rate earned on total assets:
Rate earned on total assets = net income / average total assets

Marriott Wyndham
Rate earned on total assets 0.05 0.04

b. Calculate rate earned on stockholders' equity:
Rate earned on stockholders' equity (ROE)= net income / average total stockholders' equity

Marriott Wyndham
Rate earned on total stockholders' equity 0.34 0.14

c. Calculate number of times interest charged are earned
Times interest charged are earned = Earnings before interest and tax / interest expense

Marriott Wyndham
Times interest charged are earned 4.06 4.37

d. Calculate ratio of liabilities to stockholders' equity
Ratio of liabilities to stockholders' equity = total liabilities / total stockholders' equity

Marriott Wyndham
Ratio of liabilities to stockholders' equity 4.67 2.23

2. Analyze and compare the two companies, using information in (1).

a. Comparative analysis based on the rate earned on total assets:
The rate earned on total assets ratio reveals a firm's profitability on its business operations and thus serves to measure management's effectiveness, with the calculated ratio ...

Solution Summary

This two-step exercise, calls for the determination and analysis of various financial ratios, which are to be created from provided financial information.

\$2.19