Costs of workplace health and safety Britain's Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is a national regulatory body overseeing workplace health and safety. In its 2007 performance report, HSE reported the following statistics:
241 workers were killed at work.
141,350 employees suffered serious injuries at work.
2.2 million people were suffering from an illness they believed was caused or made worse by their current or past work. 646,000 of these were new cases in the last 12 months.
36 million days were lost overall (1.5 days per worker), 30 million due to work-related ill health and 6 million due to workplace injury.
£20 billion (approximately 2% of GDP) is the estimated annual cost to society of work-related accidents and ill health.
To promote improved health and safety, HSE provides strategic direction, investigates and enforces regulations, and works with employers and other groups to promote better workplace practices. HSE provides guidance for common sources of injury or illness, including the following.
Slips, trips and falls
Hazardous substances such as chemicals, dust, fumes, and bacteria
Work equipment and machinery
Maintenance and building work
Fire and explosion
Employers incur many costs because of health and safety issues, including:
Lost worker time
Employer-paid medical costs
Training to replace workers who are ill or injured
Record-keeping to comply with governmental regulation
How would each of these costs be recognized in a process costing system?
Who is responsible for workplace health and safety? Discuss the responsibilities for each of the following groups:
What goal should an individual company establish for workplace health and safety? Should the goal be to meet government regulations? Should the goal be to experience zero health and safety incidents? Or is some other goal appropriate? What values did you use to arrive at your answer?
Hi there! See my below response.
"Process costing is used when there is mass production of similar products, where the costs associated with individual units of output cannot be differentiated from each other. In other words, the cost of each product produced is assumed to be the same as the cost of every other product." (http://www.accountingtools.com/overview-process-costing)
In other words, the sum total of all worker safety costs would be spread evenly across all units of production. This is in contrast to job costing, where the costs more specifically attributable to a job ...
The cost of workplace injuries is examined.