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Adding Value Through Budgeting

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Adding Value Through Budgeting

Budgeting is an important part of an organization's overall planning. Through budgeting, each part of an organization's structure can be identified for decision making and control. A reasonable budget can allow an organization to allocate resources and provide a plan and direction for the organization. A budget can also help measure performance and ensure that managers are held accountable for their decisions.

Consider accounting professional experience and knowledge from this week's Resources and/or Optional Resources as you answer the following Discussion questions:

After reading the article "Budgeting Perspectives From the Real World," assess how and why budgeting adds value to an organization. Based upon your professional experience, how useful is the forecasting, strategic plan, and budgeting process to your organization? What are the reasons that make these processes useful to your organization?

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Adding Value through Budgeting

How and Why Budgeting Brings More Value to an Organization:

Budgeting provides value to an organization in one way or the other. Budgeting is known to provide strategic initiatives which a top management specifies. In addition, it provides an estimate of the resources which requires forecasting operations to be carried out. Budgeting also ensures that planned and actual results are consistent with each other in that the available feedback regarding the activities of operation is also provided. Moreover, budgeting is also known to provide encouragement across different segments of a business and at the same time across different functions of a business such as finance. It also encourages the employee of an organization to put in efforts. Finally, budgeting is known to provide a determination of the various benefits or bonuses (Shastri & Stout, 2008).

Usefulness Of Forecasting:

Forecasting refers to the act in which companies ensure ...

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Net Present Value illustrated by potential Sprint/T-mobile merger

Net Present Value, Mergers, and Acquisitions

Module 5 Case has two parts. Part I of this case assignment is related to capital budgeting decision and Part II is about mergers and acquisitions. Please read both parts carefully before you start answering the questions.

Part 1:

Net Present Value (NPV) method is one of the most important methods which is used to make capital budgeting decisions by almost every company. NPV method is important because it helps financial managers maximize shareholders' wealth by making better capital budgeting decisions.

Suppose T-Mobile corporation is considering a new project that will cost $3,219,000 (initial cash outflow). The company has provided the following cash flow figures to you:

Year Cash Flow:

0
-$3,219,000

1
350,000

2
939,000

3
1,122,000

4
500,000

5
400,000

If the T-Mobile's cost of capital (discount rate) is 4%, what is the project's net present value? Based on your analysis and findings, what would you recommend to the executives and the shareholders of T-Mobile Corporation? Should the project be accepted? The shareholders of T-Mobile would also like to know the meaning of NPV concept.

You may use the following steps to calculate NPV:

1) Calculate present value (PV) of cash inflow (CF)

PV of CF = CF1 / (1+r)1 + CF2 / (1+r)2 + CF3 / (1+r)3 + CF4 / (1+r)4 + CF5 / (1+r)5

2) Calculate NPV

NPV = Total PV of CF - Initial cash outflow

or

-Initial cash outflow + Total PV of CF

r = Discount rate (6%)

Part II:

T-Mobile - Sprint Merger?

Rumors about potential mergers are often a hot topic in the business press. One rumor being floated around recently is a potential merger between mobile phone giants T-Mobile and Sprint. Mergers between two large companies are always complicated, but some have noted the possible synergies in 4G technologies that might be possible in such a merger.

As you know from reading the material in the background materials, mergers can bring about great rewards but also can bring great risks and pitfalls. For this assignment, do some research concerning the arguments both for and against such a merger from a financial perspective. For this module we are not so concerned with how consumers may fair, as this is an issue for the government to consider if they have to approve this merger. Instead you are considering this from the point of view of whether or not such a merger would be a profitable undertaking that would add value to the shareholders of both corporations.

There are different articles on this potential merger, but here is one link to get you started:

http://www.americanbankingnews.com/2010/07/15/sprint-nextel-nyse-s-and-t-mobile-merger-rumors-return-after-comments-from-sprint-ceo/

But do not limit yourself to this article. Use Proquest, EbscoWeb, and other sources in the Cyberlibrary. Use various internet search engines such as news.google.com for the latest news on this merger. Look at the web-pages for Yahoo and Microsoft. Then write a five pages report for the shareholders of Sprint and T-Mobile by answering the following questions and the questions in part I:

Do you think a merger between Sprint and T-Mobile would add value to the shareholders of both corporations?

Based on your analysis and findings (Part I and Part II), what would you recommend to the shareholders of both corporations? Should both companies merge? Please explain your reasoning.

The main focus of this assignment will be answering the questions above and the questions in part I.

In your answers to the primary questions in part II, consider the following issues:
1. The impact on T-Mobile shareholders
2. The impact on Sprint shareholders
3. The financial condition of both corporations (do not forget to consider the new project proposed by T-Mobile in part I)
4. Why might T-Mobile and Sprint combined as one company be more profitable than they would if they remain independent?
5. Potential pitfalls - might the combined entity actually be less profitable than either company operating independently?

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