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# Finance: net income, annuity, effective interest rate,

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1 A firm has return on equity of 20% and a total asset turnover of 4. Assuming
a debt ratio of 50% and sales of \$1,000,000, calculate net income.
a. \$25,000
b. \$50,000
c. \$75,000
d. \$100,000

2 You have just won a magazine sweepstakes and have a choice of three
alternatives. You can get \$100,000 now, or \$10,000 per year in perpetuity, or
\$50,000 now and \$150,000 at the end of 10 years. If the appropriate discount
rate is 12%, which option should you choose?
a. \$100,000 now
b. \$10,000 perpetuity
c. \$50,000 now and \$150,000 in 10 years

3 Given a 360-day year, the effective annual cost of not taking advantage of the
3/10, net 30 terms offered by a supplier is:
a. 55.7%.
b. 45.4%.
c. 32.3%.
d. 28.2%.

4 Monopoly Corp. is projecting sales of \$12 million next year. All sales will be
on a credit basis. The present average collection period is 45 days. Monopoly
is considering a change in selling terms from net 30 days to 2/10, net 30 in
order to speed up the collections of its receivables. Studies indicate that one
half of the firm's customers will take the discount. If Monopoly offers this
discount, how much will it cost next year? Assume a 365-day year.
a. \$87,000
b. \$98,000
c. \$103,000
d. \$112,000
e. \$120,000

5 UVP preferred stock pays \$5.00 in annual dividends per share. If your
required rate of return is 13%, how much will you be willing to pay for one share?
a. \$38.46
b. \$26.26
c. \$65.46
d. \$46.38

6 Determine the dollar value of a three year annuity that would produce the
same NPV as the following project if the appropriate discount rate is 15%, and
initial outflow = 0.
Initial Outflow = \$1,200
Cash Flow Year 1 = \$800
Cash Flow Year 2 = \$500
Cash Flow Year 3 = \$700
a. \$250.38
b. \$673.94
c. \$146.28
d. \$430.82

7 Sola Cola Corporation is undertaking a capital budgeting analysis. The
rate on 30-year U.S. Treasury bonds is 6.3%, and the return on the S&P 500
index is 18.5%. If the cost of Sola Cola's retained earnings is 19.7%,
calculate its beta.
a. 1.1
b. 1.3
c. 1.5
d. 1.7

8 Zybeck Corp. projects operating income of \$4 million next year. The firm's
income tax rate is 40%. Zybeck presently has 750,000 shares of common
stock outstanding which have a market value of \$10 per share, no preferred
stock, and no debt. The firm is considering two alternatives to finance a new
product: (a) the issuance of \$6 million of 10% bonds, or (b) the issuance of
60,000 new shares of common stock. If Zybeck issues common stock this
year, what will projected EPS be next year?
a. \$2.10
b. \$2.96
c. \$2.33
d. \$1.67

9 Assume that an investor owned 5,000 of Chrysler Corporation common stock
prior to the purchase of Chrysler by Daimler-Benz of Germany. At the time
of the acquisition, the dollar was worth 1.7848 German marks. Further
assume that the purchase price was equal to 107.09 marks per share.
What was the sales price of Chrysler common stock per share in U.S.
dollars?
a. \$50
b. \$191
c. \$107
d. \$60
e. None of the above

10 Kiosk Corp. has current assets of \$4.5 million and current liabilities of \$3.6
million. The current ratio is 1.25, and the quick ratio is 0.75. How much
does Kiosk have invested in inventory (in millions)?
a. \$0.8
b. \$1.8
c. \$2.4
d. \$2.9
e. \$3.6

11 A firm has a total asset turnover of 2, a net profit margin of 5%, and a debt
ratio of 50%. If the firm has a dividend payout ratio of 20%, calculate its
sustainable growth rate.
a. 14%
b. 16%
c. 18%
d. 20%

12 If you have \$20,000 in an account earning 8% annually, what constant amount
could you withdraw each year and have nothing remaining at the end of five
years?
a. \$3,525.62
b. \$5,008.76
c. \$3,408.88
d. \$2,465.78

13 A firm has a degree of combined leverage of 1.25. Price per unit is \$15 and
variable cost per unit is \$5. Interest expense is \$10,000 and fixed costs are
\$190,000. Calculate the quantity of output produced.
a. 100,000 units
b. 120,500 units
c. 150,000 units
d. 200,000 units

14 A stock currently sells for \$63 per share, and the required return on the
stock is 10%. Assuming a growth rate of 5%, calculate the stock's last
dividend paid. (Rounded)
a. \$1
b. \$3
c. \$5
d. \$7

15 An investor in the 40% tax bracket owning a tax-exempt bond yielding 6%
realizes an equivalent before-tax yield of:
a. 12%
b. 10%
c. 8%
d. 6%

#### Solution Preview

1 A firm has return on equity of 20% and a total asset turnover of 4. Assuming
a debt ratio of 50% and sales of \$1,000,000, calculate net income.
a. \$25,000
b. \$50,000
c. \$75,000
d. \$100,000
Return on equity = (Net Profit Margin) x (Asset Turnover) x (Equity Multiplier)
= (Net Income/Sales) x (Sales/Asset) x (Assets/Shareholders' Equity)
0.20 = Net Income/1,000,000 x 4 x 2
0.025 = Net Income/1,000,000
Net Income = 25,000

2 You have just won a magazine sweepstakes and have a choice of three
alternatives. You can get \$100,000 now, or \$10,000 per year in perpetuity, or
\$50,000 now and \$150,000 at the end of 10 years. If the appropriate discount
rate is 12%, which option should you choose?
a. \$100,000 now
b. \$10,000 perpetuity
c. \$50,000 now and \$150,000 in 10 years
10,000/0.12 = 83,333
50,000 + 150,000/(1.12)10 = 98,295.99

3 Given a 360-day year, the effective annual cost of not taking advantage of the
3/10, net 30 terms offered by a supplier is:
a. 55.7%.
b. 45.4%.
c. 32.3%.
d. 28.2%.
Nominal annual cost = Discount Percent x 360 days
100 - Discount Percent Days credit is outstanding - Discount period
=3/97 + 360/20
= 0.557

4 Monopoly Corp. is projecting sales of \$12 million next year. All sales will be
on a credit basis. The present average collection period is 45 days. Monopoly
is considering a change in selling terms from net 30 days to 2/10, net 30 in
order to speed up the collections of its receivables. Studies indicate that one
half of the firm's customers will take the discount. If Monopoly offers this
discount, how much will it cost next year? Assume a 365-day year.
a. \$87,000
b. \$98,000
c. \$103,000
d. \$112,000
e. \$120,000
12 million x 50% x 2% = ...

#### Solution Summary

This solution is comprised of a detailed explanation to calculate net income, the effective annual cost of not taking advantage of the 3/10, net 30 terms offered by a supplier, how much will you be willing to pay for one share, determine the dollar value of a three year annuity that would produce the same NPV, calculate beta, what will projected EPS be next year, how much does Kiosk have invested in inventory, sustainable growth rate, the quantity of output produced, and the stock's last dividend paid.

\$2.19