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    Solve: Accounting Problems

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    .Please answer the following questions:

    1. Your firm has the following balance sheet statement items: total current liabilities of $805,000; total assets of $2,655,000; fixed and other assets of $1,770,000; and long-term debt of $200,000. What is the amount of the firm's net working capital?
    a. $25,000
    b. $325,000
    c. $770,000
    d. $80,000

    2. If Challenge Corporation has sales of $2 million per year (all credit) and an average collection period of 35 days, what is its average amount of accounts receivable (assume a 360-day year)?
    a. $194,444
    b. $ 57,143
    c. $ 5,556
    d. $ 97,222

    3. Dawn Swift discovered that 20 years ago, the average tuition for one year at an Ivy League school was $4,500. Today, the average cost is $29,000. What is the growth rate in tuition cost over this 20-year period? Round off to the nearest 0.1%.
    a. 15.5%
    b. 4.2%
    c. 9.8%
    d. 10.6%

    4. You are considering investing in Ford Motor Company. Which of the following is an example of diversifiable risk?
    a. Risk resulting from the possibility of a stock market crash
    b. Risk resulting from uncertainty regarding a possible strike against Ford
    c. Risk resulting from an expected recession
    d. Risk resulting from interest rates decreasing

    5. If current market interest rates rise, what will happen to the value of outstanding bonds?
    a. It will rise.
    b. It will fall.
    c. It will remain unchanged.
    d. There is no connection between current market interest rates and the value of outstanding bonds.

    6. The XYZ Company, whose common stock is currently selling for $40 per share, is expected to pay a $2.00 dividend in the coming year. If investors believe that the expected rate of return on XYZ is 14%, what growth rate in dividends must be expected?
    a. 5%
    b. 14%
    c. 9%
    d. 6%

    7. You are considering investing in a project with the following year-end after-tax cash flows:
    Year 1: $5,000
    Year 2: $3,200
    Year 3: $7,800
    If the initial outlay for the project is $12,113, compute the project's IRR.
    a. 14%
    b. 10%
    c. 32%
    d. 24%

    8. If the federal income tax rate were increased, the impact of the tax increase on acceptable investment proposals would be to (ignore the impact of the tax change on the cost of capital) decrease the:
    a. net present value.
    b. internal rate of return.
    c. payback period.
    d. both a & b.
    e. all of the above.

    9. Evaluating risky capital investments by means of the risk-adjusted discount rate:
    a. assumes that the risk of the project equals the average risk of the firm.
    b. requires the certainty equivalent of the project to be determined.
    c. assumes that the risk of the project increases through time.
    d. results in a lower risk-adjusted net present value for projects with above-average risk than would be obtained by discounting cash flows at the marginal cost of capital.

    10. J & B, Inc. has $5 million of debt outstanding with a coupon rate of 12%. Currently, the yield to maturity on these bonds is 14%. If the firm's tax rate is 40%, what is the cost of debt to J & B?
    a. 12.0%
    b. 14.0%
    c. 8.4%
    d. 5.6%

    11. An advantage of a private placement is:
    a. speed.
    b. no flotation costs.
    c. financial flexibility.
    d. a bigger market.

    12. Tom's Trashbins, Inc. has fixed costs of $225,000. Tom's Trashbins sell for $45 and have a unit variable cost of $20. What is Tom's break-even point in units?
    a. 8,500
    b. 8,750
    c. 9,000
    d. 9,250

    13. The Goreman Corporation has a debt ratio of 33.33%, and it needs to raise $100,000 to expand. Management feels that an optimal debt ratio is 16.67%. Sales are currently $750,000, and the total assets turnover is 7.5. How should the expansion be financed so as to produce the desired debt ratio?
    a. Finance it all with debt.
    b. Finance it all with equity.
    c. Finance 20% with debt and 80% with equity.
    d. Finance 40% with debt and 60% with equity.
    e. Finance 50% with debt and 50% with equity.

    14. Which of the following is a reason that a company would repurchase its own shares of stock in the market?
    a. To award employees
    b. To increase outstanding equity shares
    c. To have shares available to offer a merger target
    d. Both a & b
    e. All of the above

    15. Three loan applicants have provided the following information:

    Market Value Retained Working
    EBIT Sales of Equity Earnings Capital
    Total Total Book Value Total Total
    Assets Assets of Debt Assets Assets
    Applicant A 0.2 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.8
    Applicant B 0.1 0.4 1.2 0.4 0.4
    Applicant C 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.7

    If we use Altman's Z-score as a preliminary hurdle to determine to whom we should extend credit, then:
    a. we would extend credit to all three applicants.
    b. we would extend credit to applicants A and B but not to applicant C.
    c. we would extend credit to applicants A and C but not to applicant B.
    d. we would extend credit to applicants B and C but not to applicant A.

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    Solution Preview

    1. Net working capital = current assets ? current liabilities
    Current assets = total assets ? fixed assets
    Current assets = 2,655,000-1,770,000=885,000
    Net working capital = 885,000-805,000 = 85,000

    2. Average accounts receivable= (Sales/360) X Average collection period
    = (2,000,000/360) X 35 days
    = 194,444

    3. Using the compound interest formula
    FV = PV (1+rate)^n
    29,000 = 4,500 (1+rate)^20
    (1+rate) = (29,000/4,500)^(1/20) = 1.098
    Rate = 1.098-1 = .098 = 9.8%

    4. Risks which are unique to Ford are diversifiable

    5. Price and interest rates ...