Sea Cable Industries is a company involved in the manufacture of marine cables. The company is planning a move into land lines to exploit new telecommunications opportunities. This will involve the acquisition of new equipment. Two machines have been identified and the returns involved in purchasing each are as follow:
Machine 1 Machine 2
Cost (Immediate outlay) 200 000 120 000
Expected annual net Profit/Loss
Year 1 60 000 33 000
Year 2 (2000) (12 000)
Year 3 8000 12000
Year 3 Estimated residual value 14000 12000
The company has an estimated cost of capital of 10% and utilizes the straight line method of depreciation. Sea Cable Industries minimum accounting rate of return is 18% and the maximum payback period is 2 years and 4 months. You should assume that the two machines are mutually exclusive.
1 Calculate the accounting rate of return for each machine, assess its acceptability and indicate which machine is better using the accounting rate of return.
2 Calculate the payback period for each machine, assess its acceptability and indicate which machine is better using the payback period.
3 Calculate the net present value (NPV) of each machine, assess its acceptability and indicate which machine is better using NPV.
4 Calculate the internal rate of return (IRR) of each machine, assess its acceptability and indicate which machine is better using IRR.
5 Which method of investment appraisal is most appropriate and give reasons.
Accounting rate of return, payback period, NPV and IRR are some of the measures which help in decision making. Solution describes the steps to calculate these measures for given machines and chooses the best machine.