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Critical Thinking and Decision Making

1. What is an example of how the forces of influence affect a decision made in a work place?

2. What is a workplace example of a fallacy that might affect the reasoning in making a decision?

Thank you, your HELP is GREATLY appreciated.

Solution Preview

Hello,

You have asked for two examples. One of how forces of influence affect work place decisions and secondly, an example of a fallacy that might affect reasoning when making a decision.

Forces of Influence that affect decision-making include

1. Contextual factors.

2. Urgency.

3. Importance.

4. Biases.

5. Thinking styles.

6. Self-limiting choices
a. Bounded rationality
b. Logic vulnerability
c. Paradigms

7. Stakeholders and their interests.

8. Group dynamics factors.
a. Groupthink.
b. Group composition.
c. Power.

In defining problems and framing decisions, there also exists a system of filters through which we sort and discard and register information. These filters are called forces of influence or biases.
All human being have biases. Forces of influence shape the way we perceive the world and are created by virtue of our experience on earth. Our ability to think critically is therefore affected by such forces as gender, culture, religion, economic status, education, etc. An argument is only valid if the premises are true and all relevant information is included. In terms of critical thinking, forces of influence often skew the validity of our argument and cause a fallacy or an 'incorrect pattern or reasoning'.

Many times, in order to recognize the problem, managers must strive to see beyond these ...

Solution Summary

This solution offers two examples. One of how forces of influence affect work place decisions and, secondly, an example of a fallacy that might affect reasoning when making a decision.

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