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Business Ethics and Hotel Injury

Here are links to TWO cases. The first case, the Margreiter v. New Hotel Monteleone, Inc. case, is the decision to the case in your homework problem. Within that case, you will find mentioned the second case: Nordmann v. National Hotel Company, 425 F.2d. 1103 (5th Cir. 1970). That case establishes the basis by which the court in Margreiter determined the level of duty the New Hotel Monteleone owed to Mr. Margreiter. It may help you with the remainder of this homework.
Read both cases. Then, answer the questions below.

Here are the cases:
Margreiter case
Nordmann case (I have attached the links below).

1. During an appeal, the appeals court is required to rely on the evidence submitted during the trial. The "record," which is made by both parties during the trial, including all objections and other submissions of evidence, is binding on the appeals court, unless it was erroneous or not reasonable to believe or accept that evidence. Further, decisions of fact and credibility are typically left to the jury to make, and appeals courts prefer not revisiting those decisions (unless they are beyond the weight of the evidence or defy credulity.) Because the jury can weigh the body language of the witnesses during trial, and the record on appeal can't show that, appeal courts prefer allowing juries to make "fact-finding" decisions. Judges on appeal try to look for legal theories to overturn cases (or uphold them.) They make the "law" based decisions, based on the record before them.
With that understanding, explain the decision of the appeals court in the Margreiter case. In doing so, discuss which facts the court relied on in its decision and which facts the losing party requested the appeals court decide the case on, although it refused to do so.

2. Now review the Nordmann case. The Margreiter court used this case to assist it with making its decision (see line two of paragraph #4 of the Margreiter opinion.) What did the Nordmann court say was the "duty of care" a hotel owes to a guest to protect him from injury by third persons? Provide that here. Then, review the facts that the Nordmann court relied on to determine there had been a breach of the duty by the Nordmann court. Briefly recite those here as well.

3. Notice that the Margreiter court doesn't state which duty it imposed on the hotel "it simply recites as "precedent" the Nordmann case for its legal basis. Now that you know the duty of care that the Margreiter court used in its decision, briefly compare the two sets of facts from the two cases. Then answer these questions:
a) Do you feel that the Margreiter case had as strong facts as did the Nordmann case for holding the hotel liable? Why or why not?
b) Which facts do you feel most strongly weigh in favor of the court's decision in the Margreiter case?
c) Which facts do you feel were a stretch by the court in Margreiter?
d) Which case do you feel was more of a "slam-dunk" case to decide and why?

4. Do you agree with the decisions by the Nordmann and Margreiter courts? Do you feel that the decisions were ethical in nature? Why or why not? Use one of your ethical dilemma resolution models to analyze the court's decision of one of the two cases to help support your answer and include that analysis in your answer (i.e., Laura Nash, front page of the newspaper, Blanchard & Peale, Wall Street Journal). Make sure to set out the steps of the model and apply your reasoning and facts to the model in your answer.

Links:
Margreiter case
http://ms.findacase.com/research/wfrmDocViewer.aspx/xq/fac.19810119_0042645.C05.htm/qx
Nordmann case
http://bulk.resource.org/courts.gov/c/F2/425/425.F2d.1103.26894_1.html

Solution Preview

Business Ethics and Hotel Injury

1. During an appeal, the appeals court is required to rely on the evidence submitted during the trial. The "record," which is made by both parties during the trial, including all objections and other submissions of evidence, is binding on the appeals court, unless it was erroneous or not reasonable to believe or accept that evidence. Further, decisions of fact and credibility are typically left to the jury to make, and appeals courts prefer not revisiting those decisions (unless they are beyond the weight of the evidence or defy credulity.) Because the jury can weigh the body language of the witnesses during trial, and the record on appeal can't show that, appeal courts prefer allowing juries to make "fact-finding" decisions. Judges on appeal try to look for legal theories to overturn cases (or uphold them.) They make the "law" based decisions, based on the record before them.

With that understanding, explain the decision of the appeals court in the Margreiter case. In doing so, discuss which facts the court relied on in its decision and which facts the losing party requested the appeals court decide the case on, although it refused to do so.

ANSWER
The losing party depended on the contention that the entire case was sham and the story of the plaintiff was not worth believing. The losing party emphasized the opinion of the police man that Margreiter was drunk, it pointed out the inconsistencies in the statement of Margreiter and the lack of memory of Margreiter. The losing party pointed out that Margreiter must have gone out of the Hotel on his own become intoxicated and fallen into wrong company. The losing part further claimed that the injuries suffered by Margreiter were not so great and that he had recovered.

The court relied on the fact that the loser's contention had already been rejected by the jury. The fact that the plaintiff had no history nor intention of straying out at midnight because he had plans with his associates. His associates corroborated his plans in court. The appeals court decided to uphold the verdict of the jurors. In other words the appeals court refused to decide the case on the argument of the plaintiff. In addition, the court relied on the fact that Margreiter had permanent bran damage, continuing headaches, ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses answers for the case questions and why the Expert is in agreement with the decisions by the Nordmann and Margreiter courts. This solution is 1000+ words.

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