1. What is the main difference between descriptive and inferential statistics. Give a brief example of each.
2. Under what circumstances is the mean the best measure of central tendency? When is the median the best measure? Give some examples of applications to back up your thoughts.
Descriptive statistics describe the basic data in a study. They provide summary of sample and measure. Thus, combined with graphs, and charts, descriptive statistics form the basis for quantitative analysis of data. On the other hand, inferential statistics is drawing conclusions from the data. Descriptive statistics help us to put large volume of data in a simpler way. Each descriptive statistics reduces the data so that it becomes easier to draw inferences from it. Thus, both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics go hand in hand for any study and research.
For example with inferential statistics of demographics of a region, ...
The solution discusses the difference in descriptive and inferential statistics.