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    Public Budgeting Standardization

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    Describe standardization and specification and explain how they impact the purchasing process & list the factors which control governmental risk.

    5th Edition Public Budgeting in America. Robert W Smith,Thomas D. Lynch Pearson Prentice Hall

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    Standardization and specification are patterns of action that develop over time in an organization in the absence of a specific mission and goals, or despite a mission and goals. As such, they impact purchasing processes and risk management strategies and are therefore called 'emergent strategy' or realized strategy and they differ from an intended strategy.

    Processing for standardization and specification emerge over time as intentions collide with and accommodate a changing reality.

    Emergent strategy is a set of actions, or behavior, consistent over time, "a realized pattern [that] was not expressly intended" in the original planning of strategy. When a deliberate strategy is realized, the result matches the intended course of action. An emergent strategy develops when an organization takes a series of actions that with time turn into a consistent pattern of behavior, regardless of specific intentions. "Deliberate strategies provide ...

    Solution Summary

    The expert describes the standardization and the impact of the purchasing process. The factors which control governmental risks are listed.