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Origins of Communicable Diseases

Explore the origin of a communicable disease that became a pandemic episode. Describe different measures that were taken to contain or eradicate the disease and assess the role that was played by issues pertaining to water, sanitation, nutrition, and environmental conditions.

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There is a figure associated with this paper, so please use the Word version. Communicable disease: Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is also known as breakbone fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever and is a communicable disease transported by mosquito and is caused by a virus (Dept. of Health, 2013). Dengue is caused by Dengue virus (DENV) and is a single strand RNA positive strand virus of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus. This virus mainly stems in the tropics, but people from other countries may enter their country with the virus. The origin of dengue fever is not really known. However, it has been said that it might have originated in Swahili. However, the first case recorded in the Chinese medical encyclopedia stated it started in the Jin Dynasty (265-420 AD) and was referred to a "water poison" associated with flying insects (Bleijs, n.d). The first recognized Dengue epidemics occurred almost simultaneously in Asia, Africa, and North America in the 1780s, shortly after the identification and naming of the disease in 1779 (Bleijs, n.d). The first confirmed case of dengue fever occurred back in 1789 and was reported by Benjamin Rush, who coined the term "breakbone fever" because of the symptoms of myalgia and arthralgia. The dengue virus can cause serious life threatening illness in humans, illness such as Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) or Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) (Bleijs, n.d).

It is believed that the socioeconomic impact of World War II may have helped to cause a global spread of the disease. About 2.5 billion people or 40% of the world's population live in areas where they are at risk of dengue transmission (See Figure 1). Dengue spread to more than 100 ...

Solution Summary

The origins of communicable diseases are discussed. The role that was played by issues pertaining to water, sanitation and the evnrionmental conditions are provided.