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    Mental Model/Mindset

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    What is a mental model/mindset? What forces influence a mental model/mindset, and what forces cause the evolution of that mental model/mindset? How has your mental model/mindset limited your decision making?

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    1. What is a mental model/mindset?

    A mental model is a world-view that directs our actions and decisions. It is limited, but yet it is how we see the world and includes assumptions and cognitive biases - the technical term for predictable mental errors caused by simplified information processing strategy.

    For example, Herbert Simon first advanced the concept of "bounded" or limited rationality (12, as cited in https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/art4.html). Because of limits in human mental capacity, he argued, the mind cannot cope directly with the complexity of the world. Rather, we construct a simplified mental model of reality and then work with this model. We behave rationally within the confines of our mental model, but this model is not always well adapted to the requirements of the real world. The concept of bounded rationality has come to be recognized widely, though not universally, both as an accurate portrayal of human judgment and choice and as a sensible adjustment to the limitations inherent in how the human mind functions (13, as cited in ...

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