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Decisions: Rational vs. Rational

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Re-review the information in the assigned text for Unit 2 (Chapter 7, 8 & 9) and do a bit of outside research (outside the text using the AIU Library or the Internet) on the differences between rational and irrational decision making. These terms aren't static and are relatively fluid (in other words our interpretation of what is rational or irrational can change with circumstances or time).

For this project consider the fact that at one point in US history the decision to own slaves was considered rational and informed. Today we would consider the decision to own slaves "irrational". For this project:

1. Identify one other example of a decision (past or present) that was once considered "rational" but that is now reviewed as "irrational".

2. Explain, in detail, why the decision was once considered "rational" but would now be considered "irrational".
Identify the decision theory (from our learning in Unit 2) you believe was used in the original decision making within your example. Be sure to fully support "why" the theory you selected was present. Simply naming a theory won't be enough...you need to support your answer.

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1. Identify one other example of a decision (past or present) that was once considered "rational" but that is now reviewed as "irrational".

In the temperance era of United States history, drinking alcohol was considered a sin and illegal, Likewise, the making, selling and distribution of alcohol was considered wrong and illegal. People were arrested for breaking the law if they were caught making, drinking or selling alcohol products. This was considered rational. Today, for most Americans, alcohol is a culturally accepted norm. Today, therefore, considering drinking or selling alcohol as an illegal act worthy of prison time is considered irrational.

2. Explain, in detail, why the decision was once considered "rational" but would now be considered "irrational".

At that period of American history, the temperance era, puritans and other religious folks used the Bible as the measure for right and wrong behavior. Religion played a large part in law making. Because drinking alcohol was downplayed in the Bible e.g., Alcoholics will not inherit the Kingdom of heaven and many other scriptures, this was interpreted as drinking is wrong, it is a sin and needs to be stopped. The prohibition period began when the law made it illegal to make, sell or drink alcohol in the United States. This ...

Solution Summary

By example, this solution explains why decisions that were once considered rational are now considered irrational.

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