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Diet, Vitamins, Macronutrients, and Micronutrients

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2.) What were your deficiencies or excesses of the macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, and fat) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) for the food record you entered at the CNPP web site for one day? What changes can you make in your daily diet to improve the deficiencies or excesses? (250 words)

4.) What is the difference between the fat soluble and the water soluble vitamins? Include the names of the fat soluble vitamins and the water soluble vitamins in your answer. What factors do you consider before taking dietary supplements?(250 words)

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4. The water soluble vitamins are the B vitamins and vitamin C. The B vitamins include riboflavin, thiamin. They work quickly and are excreed through urine so must be taken regularly. They do not store well. B6 and B12 do excrete through the bladder and urine system. Excessive amounts of these vitamins do not usually create problems, though the B vitamin Niacin and C vitamin can be related to some problems if taken in megadoses. They are considered as nontoxic. These vitamins work mostly in areas with rapid growth and change such as the blood, skin, and digestive tract. The nutrients of these vitamins are lost when foods containing them are overcooked.These vitamins are not stored in the body in high amounts, another reason to consume foods that contain them on a regular basis.

Good sources of Vitamin C are ...

Solution Summary

Discussions on the needs and differences in recommended intake and actual intake of macro/micro nutrients. Includes an explanation between the difference in water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.

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2. Sam is a fast-food fanatic. For breakfast, he stops for coffee and doughnuts. Lunch is an iced tea, ham-and-cheese sub with lettuce and mayonnaise, and a cookie. Dinner consists of a soft drink, burger, and fries. Name two vitamins likely to be lacking in Sam's diet if he eats this way every day. What problems might Sam experience because of nutritional deficiencies in his diet? How might taking vitamin supplements have both positive and negative effects on your body based on your diet? What is the consensus among nutrition experts regarding supplements? What is your opinion on taking supplements?

3. Are carbohydrates good for you? Explain why or why not. Imagine that you have gained 20 pounds over the past 5 years. You decide to use a low-carbohydrate diet to return to a more healthful weight. Although you are happy with your initial weight loss, you begin to experience headaches and bad breath. What is causing these symptoms? Explain your answer.

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