Richard plans to invest $100,000 for a 50 percent interest in a small business. His friend Jack will also invest $100,000 for the remaining 50 percent interest. On their investment, they expect to generate 10 percent before-tax return the first year. Richard's marginal tax rate is 33 percent, and Jack's marginal tax rate is 35 percent. They need to decide whether to establish the business as a partnership or as a C corporation.
1. If they establish a partnership, compute the after-tax cash flow for each partner if each of them withdraws $4,000 from the profits of the business the first year. What is the amount of cash that remains in the partnership, exclusive of employment taxes.
2. If they establish a C corporation, compute the after-tax cash flow for each shareholder if each of them receives a dividend of $4,000 from the profits of the business the first year. What is the amount of cash that remains in the C corporation?
3. What nontax factors should Richard and Jack consider when making this decision?
4. After a detailed analysis, what would you recommend? Do you feel Richard and Jack should establish a partnership or a C corporation?
Questions 1 and 2 are answered on the attached excel.
3. The types of non-cash questions the partners/shareholders should ask themselves include
a. are they ready for the formality and expense of setting up a C-corporation?
b. do they understand that the corporation becomes an 'artificial person' under the law and therefore a separate legal entity from themselves
c. do they need the liability protection a corporation can offer to its shareholders?
d. do they understand that they can only draw funds from the corporation as wages or (double-taxed) dividends
e. do they realized that a C corporation has advantages for growth potential with the addition of investors who can remain passive (not involved in daily operations). This is a control issue.
f. they should understand the formality of liquidation of a ...
This problem is a relatively complex comparison of a partnership as opposed to a corporate form. Not only is tax calculated, but nine other business issues are discussed in response to question 3. Further discussed is the possibility of becoming an "S" corporation.