Explore BrainMass

Georgia court system

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

You have successfully held your first training session on the common law tradition and sources of law! Now that everyone has an understanding of the origins of law, your next primer in this training series will explain the specifics of your state's court system. You must first perform the necessary research to locate your state court's website on the Internet. Once you have located your state court's website, you will prepare a 2- page, double-spaced paper outlining the basic structure of your state's court system in each county (or city). Include in your discussion an explanation of the jurisdiction (authority to hear cases) of these various trial courts. Specifically, explain in what trial court(s) in the state you would file specific types of claims. Additionally, explain the structure of the appellate courts in your state, naming each level of appeals court, if there is more than one level.

Be sure to identify your sources (website, etc.). Note: Please be sure you refer to the numbers that appear on the actual printed pages in your electronic readings, not the numbers that appear with the navigation icons.

(Note: Different states have different names for the primary trial court of each county, such as Superior Court, Municipal Court, Court of Common Pleas, etc., and some states have multiple courts in every county, such as Municipal Court, Family Court, Probate Court, and Small Claims Court. If you are having trouble locating your local court's site, you may choose a neighboring state.)

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 9:05 am ad1c9bdddf


Solution Preview

Georgia court system

The Georgia court system is made up of five levels and an appellate system that has four panels of three judges to review court decisions made in the lower courts plus a Supreme court. The appellate court can have more judges if needed for review of transcripts, arguments, and other legal concerns. The appellate court is mostly concerned with reviews to correct any legal issues that may have occurred or errors of law that affect the outcomes of cases. The court does not alter jury verdicts or bench verdict. It does cover both criminal and civil cases.

The state system includes a jurisdictional system and a superior court system at the lower court level. The various courts are separated and service counties, circuits, cities and towns, and juvenile justice. Probate court is charged with special responsibilities, separate from other civil matters.

The magistrate is the lowest form of the court system. These are the county courts that preside over civil disputes, county ordinance violations, and other civil matters. They presiding member is the chief magistrate, who may be ...

Solution Summary

A review of the Georgia state court system.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Legal Status and Treatment of Native Americans

Over the last two centuries, several laws have impacted and at times dramatically changed the legal status and treatment of Native Americans in the United States. The following are the most significant:

1. The US Supreme Court, in Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia (1831) declared the Indains a "dependent domestic nation", allowing a policy of separatism through the Indain reservation system
2. The Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 permitted Native Americans to obtain homesteads off of the reservation and obtain US citizenship. By doing so the Native American would lose tribal status. This move promised a rapid opening of valuable tribal reservation lands to white development
3. In 1885 the criminal jurisdication of the federal territorial courts reached the reservation lands, but in non-criminal lands many reservation peoples were considered a people without law
4. The Curtis Act of 1898 ended the tribal courts and brought the reservations under the full jurisdiction of the federal judicial system.

Discuss how all four of these laws stated above promote inequality. Then specifically identify two additional laws related to Native Americans and discuss whether those laws are used by society to promote the inequality.

View Full Posting Details