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    Disparate Impact Case Study

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    Find a case that illustrates disparate impact.
    Include the following components in each case study:

    1. A brief description of the relevant facts
    2. The ruling and reasoning of the court
    3. The specific implications of the ruling for your employment environment
    4. Appropriate case citation

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    Solution Preview

    Case selected: Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971),
    STEP 1
    Negro employees of the Duke Power Company generating plant brought action under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 challenge the requirements of the Duke Power Company's requirement of having applicants a high school diploma or passing of intelligence tests as a condition of employment or for transfer to the generating plant. The contention of the Negro employees was that the high school diploma was not directly connected to the job and had the effect of discriminating against Negro employees. The requirement eliminated Negro because they were less likely to have high school education or pass intelligence tests.
    The basic point was that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 actually requires the elimination of artificial, arbitrary, and useless barriers to employment that work towards favoritism on the basis of race, and in this case there is a practice in place that works to eliminate the blacks and that practice has not been shown to be directly related to the job performance. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not rule out ...

    Solution Summary

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