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    Fundamentals of Business Law: International Court of Justice

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    Is the International Court of Justice the first world court?

    What are the procedures of the World Court? Are they similar to any US court?

    What is an advisory opinion?

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    * Is the International Court of Justice the first world court?

    The International Court of Justice (ICJ) - the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN) is not the first world court. The idea for the creation of an international court to arbitrate international disputes first arose during the various conferences that produced the Hague Conventions in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The body subsequently established, the Permanent Court of Arbitration.

    The International Court of Justice was established in 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations. The Court began work in 1946 as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice.

    * What are the procedures of the World Court? Are they similar to any US court?

    Procedure

    The ICJ is vested with the power to make its own rules. Court procedure is set out in Rules of Court of the International Court of Justice 1978 (as amended on 29 September 2005).

    Cases before the ICJ will follow a standard pattern. The case is lodged by the applicant who files a written memorial setting out the basis of the Court's jurisdiction and the merits of its claim. The respondent may accept the Court's jurisdiction and file its own memorial on the merits of the case.

    Preliminary Objections
    A respondent who does not wish to submit to the ...

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