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External Audit Review

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Assume that you have just completed the audit of XYZ Corporation and you are the lead auditor on the assignment. As the lead auditor it is your job to write and prepare the audit report that will be presented to the corporation's CFO, Controller and Internal Audit Manager. They are material in nature and will require an adjusting entry, so you need to have them accept your findings and you need to fully explain your findings to them. For descriptive purposes you do not need to include the journal entries in your findings, but assume that the amounts are somewhere between $5,000,000 and $30,000,000 each. You decide which amount fits each finding.

For the project you are to discuss different findings that your audit team discovered. You need to include in each finding, the following:

1. The area under audit where the finding occurred.
2. The steps you undertook during the audit (summarize these steps, you do not need to detail each individual step or transaction looked at).
3. The problem that was noted.
4. The amount of the finding and the suggested accounting correction.
5. The conclusion of the auditor as a result of the steps taken and the problem noted.
6. The corrective action necessary to prevent this problem from reoccurring.

As an example:

An audit of cash was undertaken, specifically the area of cash deposits by the various branch offices. During the audit we made a selection of 25 branch offices (out of a total of 155 branches), and looked at the deposit slips on 5 different business days; selected at random, during the month of September. We traced the deposit amounts to the individual branch bank statements and noted that the deposit slips did not always correspond to the amounts on the bank statements and at times, just the opposite was true. As a result, we recomputed the deposits under review and noted that approximately $7,500,000 in deposits is being delayed in the processing by the bank for an average of 5 business days. Extrapolating this to all branches within the Company and based on the company's internal rate of return, this amounts to approximately $1,500,000 in lost interest revenue. We recommend that the Company strengthen its policies regarding deposits by the branches so that cash received is held no longer than the same business day that it is received. If there is any variation to this policy, Controller and/or CFO approval is required.

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For the project you are to discuss different findings that your audit team discovered. You need to include in each finding, the following:

1. The area under audit where the finding occurred.
2. The steps you undertook during the audit (summarize these steps, you do not need to detail each individual step or transaction looked at).
3. The problem that was noted.
4. The amount of the finding and the suggested accounting correction.
5. The conclusion of the auditor as a result of the steps taken and the problem noted.
6. The corrective action necessary to prevent this problem from reoccurring.

1. Weakness in the internal controls and accounting systems as a whole.
Material weaknesses in the internal controls and accounting systems poses a large problem. If you utilize this finding you will need to suggest how you would strengthen the internal controls. One way is to look to others in the industry and utilize a "best in class" approach. An organization relying on paper based financial process is susceptible to inefficiencies and risks. In order to reduce the costs of copying paper and tightening internal controls a computer based/web based system could be suggested

2. Complex, non-routine transactions

3. Transactions outside the normal course of business

4. Judgemental matters

5. Unadjusted Misstatements

6. VAT/PAYE issues - if these issues are not resolved and ...

Solution Summary

Discussion of Different Findings the Audit Team Discovered. Once identified show the area under where the finding occurred, the steps during the audit, the problem, amount, conclusion and corrective action.

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CSSC external audit: pre-audit planning and review meeting goals and problems

Details: The following situations have caused you to become concerned about the quality of the upcoming external audit:

The CPA firm that has been contracted by CSSC management has only been in business 2 years and is a small firm with mostly young inexperienced auditors.

You have just been advised that the preaudit planning and review meeting with this CPA firm has been changed from a 2-day meeting to a one half day meeting due to its existing workload.

The managing partner of this CPA firm is the nephew of a CSSC board member.
The lead auditor worked for CSSC while attending college.
The auditing team will consist of college students who are working on their accounting degrees.

To control costs, upper management has advised the audit will be focused on reviewing the financial results and that some areas of control that have been of concern to the auditing department will not be audited.

GAAS provides three categories of standards and 10 standards by which an audit should be performed. You are concerned that some of the listed situations may be in violation of the GAAS standards and have decided to review the GAAS standards to detect any possible violations.

List each of these standards in the correct category.
Identify those standards that you believe may be compromised by the listed situations.
Describe specific actions that you believe should be taken to comply with the GAAS standards.

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