Discuss the audit planning and risk assessment of the case below. Also speak to the course of action required regarding the audit.
Smackey Dog Foods, Inc - Scenario Summary
Smackey Dog Foods, Inc. started in the kitchen of Sarah, Kim, and Jillian's family home in the suburbs of Chicago. The three sisters initially bought the ingredients for their natural dog food recipes from the local grocery store. They used their dogs and the neighborhood dogs as their taste testers. Their dog food products were so good, the local kennels and veterinary offices were glad to distribute the sisters' products to their customers.
Local demand increased significantly. Local pet stores and small grocery stores discovered the products and became distributors. The sisters moved the expanding business into a larger facility and hired a few more workers. While their competitors' sales were flat or declining, Smackey Dog Food, Inc.'s sales were on a vertical climb!
Sales were so good last year, that the sisters opened a boutique division named Best Boy Gourmet, specializing in freshly manufactured, one-serving packages meant for consumption no later than 3 days after production. They sell this product at 3 times the cost of their other products and by special order only through their new website. Demand is high, but waste has been an issue.
Sarah is the president and general manager of the operation. Sarah has been very proactive in growing the business. She has met with her banker to discuss expanding the facilities and equipment with another $150,000 loan. Their first loan for $150,000 was secured by the industrial size, food production equipment purchased with the loan. The banker now demands an audit of the corporate financial statements before releasing another loan to the company. Sarah has offered to place the corporate account receivables up as collateral to secure the second loan. Based on revenue projections by her sister Jillian's sales team, Sarah believes that the company will not have trouble paying down the loan in a short period of time.
Kim manages the production operations. She oversees the inventory, production, and shipment of dog food products. The Best Boy Gourmet line has taken almost all of her attention lately. The winter holidays are approaching and sales demand based on forecasts from the sales force are higher than ever. Attaining fresh, raw ingredients is more difficult in the winter months. If any of the fresh ingredients are delayed, production comes to a standstill. There has been significant inventory waste as a result.
Kim's assistant, Henry, monitors the production and shipment of Smackey Dog Food's regular line of product. Henry takes pride in his work and is involved in every facet of the operation. With only one other warehouse employee to help, Henry personally is involved in preparing and approving all inventory records. Henry ensures that very little finished inventory sits in the warehouse. However, the shipping dock always seems to be full of returned dog food that should be restocked. When Kim asks him about it, Henry laughs and tells her that "first in first out" applies to dog food returns as well. Kim smiles and just accepts that answer.
Jillian is not very good at understanding accounting. The sisters placed Jillian in charge of sales. She manages a sales team of 12 salesmen in Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin. Her fear of flying and poor driving skills limit her ability to get around to the areas outside of Chicago. As a result, she has placed a lot of faith in her sales team. The sales team complained last year that they did not like waiting for their commissions until after bookkeeping calculated the actual revenues. In order to keep their spirits fired up, Jillian has her sales people project what their sales will be in the upcoming quarter and she pays commissions in advance on those projections. The sales team loves her and Jillian loves their approval. Jillian has noticed that the projections typically are off by 11% on average.
The employees of Smackey Dog Food, Inc. all own dogs. It was a hiring requirement on the job application. One employee was fired when it was discovered she never owned a dog when she was hired. A lawsuit is pending by the fired employee.
At this time, the receivables represent 29% of the corporate assets. The Chicago retail chain Pup Stores, Co. is Smackey Dog Food's largest buyer. They alone represent 31% of overall sales and usually pay within 30 days. However, Pup Stores is facing a major lawsuit from an animal rights group. The legal fees are eating into their cash reserves and they are facing some store closures.
The accounts receivable aging indicates that 38% of the receivables are 30 days or less. Twenty-two percent are 31-60 days. Twenty-one percent of the receivables are 61-90 days old. Ten percent are 90-120 days. The remaining receivables are older than 120 days. Sarah has not written off any of the receivables, nor will she.
Sales are projected to steadily grow at 16% next year if the company does not expand its facilities. With the expansion, sales are projected, rising 26%, with the most significant jump in the last quarter after expansion is completed and holiday sales pick up.
You and your firm, NorthStar CPAs, have never audited a dog food manufacturer. Although it is late in the year to be accepting a new calendar year-end audit, you need the work and have the time to devote to the audit before your 2-week sailing vacation in February.
You begin the audit process just prior to year-end by sending your audit manager, Pete, and two audit staffers, Ben and Maureen, out to the client. They spend time assessing the client and planning the audit.
During the first month of field work after year end, Ben and Maureen note that the dog food bags piled high on the docks are marked "Returned." One employee is seen throwing bags of the premium Best Boy Gourmet dog food into the dumpster in the morning and pulling it out and throwing it into Henry's car during the employee lunch hour.
Pete's new best friend, Alan, was married to Smackey Dog Food, Inc.'s owner, Kim, 4 years ago. Alan is also good friends with the banker from whom Sarah is seeking the loan. Pete is unaware of the relationship. Pete has talked about some of the details of the audit to Alan over a few beers.
K E Y P L A Y E R S
Pete, Audit Manager
Pete has been with your firm since you left Arthur Anderson pre-Enron. He was your staff auditor when you were an audit manager with AA and you brought him along for the ride. Pete hopes to be promoted to partner in the next year.
Ben, Audit Staffer
Ben has been with your firm since he graduated last year. He is easily distracted but puts in the long work hours necessary to build the firm's practice. Ben develops a crush on Smackey Dog food, Inc.'s bookkeeper Anita. He doesn't act on his feelings and does not mention this to anyone affiliated with the audit. You find out about it the following summer when he brings her to the firm's company picnic.
Maureen, Audit Staffer
Maureen has 5 years of prior experience as an auditor. She has a tendency to over audit accounts and needs supervision in this regard. Last year, she was responsible for catching a significant defalcation in the books of another client resulting in a federal investigation and incarceration of the client's CFO and a board member.
It is relevant to acknowledge that audit planning is a vital task, which is essential for Smackey Dog Food, Inc. Numerous crucial activities are essential in the planning of an audit. First of all, the industry and business should be understood by the client. Capitalization is possible with the help of audit firm on its pertinent experience in auditing other food manufacturer in planning the audit for Smackey Dog Food, Inc. (Puttick and Kana, 2008).
Furthermore, the noticeable audit team members of Smackey Dog Food, Inc. are two audit staffers Maureen and Ben, the audit manager Pete. Another essential activity required in the initial planning of an audit is to evaluate the client business risk. If Smackey Dog Food, Inc. fails to achieve its purposes, then it is termed as business risk. In this kind of activity, the audit team evaluates the risk of matter misstatement, which arise from business risk of Smackey. For instance, the great wastage in best Dog division of Smackey signifies a business risk. Consequently, matter or material misstatement risk also arises (Gray and Manson, 2007).
It is reasonable to assume that preliminary analytical procedures should be performed. NorthStar CPAs necessitates comparing the recital of Smackey Dog Food, Inc. with the relevant industry to further support its initial evaluation of business risk. These analytical practices assist the audit team to recognize areas where the risks of misstatement are enormous Burke, 2011).
Moreover, setting of materiality is also a vital task. It also evaluates acceptable inherent risk and audit risk. Thus, Smackey Dog Food, Inc.'s audit team should set the satisfactory level of materiality. The circumstances of Smackey Dog Food, Inc. are also decisive to evaluate for setting material level. It is subject to the judgment of auditor (Audit planning, 2011).
Apart from this, development of the overall audit program and audit plan is an imperative aspect for Smackey Dog Food, Inc. The audit plan and program purposes to achieve the audit risk purposes of the pertinent audit team. It also gives reasonable guarantee and basis for the audit opinion and report (Puttick and Kana, 2008).
The four stages of audit for Smackey Dog Food, Inc. are planning and risk evaluation, test of internal control, substantive tests and audit finalization. It is ...
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