1. In the year-end financial statements, the Manufacturing Overhead
account should have:
a. A debit balance, representing overhead on hand and available
b. A credit balance, representing accumulated depreciation and
amounts owed to suppliers of overhead items.
c. Either a debit or a credit balance, depending upon whether the
overhead application rate used throughout the year was higher
or lower than 100%.
d. A zero balance, since all overhead costs incurred during the
period should be assigned to the production of the period.
2. Since manufacturing costs (direct materials, direct labor, and
overhead) are incurred in the process of manufacturing units of
product, these costs are debited to:
a. The Direct Materials Inventory, Direct Labor, and
Manufacturing Overhead accounts.
b. Expense accounts.
c. The Work in Process Inventory account.
d. The Cost of Goods Sold account.
3*. Per-unit costs:
a. Are relevant only when a company is engaged in manufacturing
b. Are determined in job order cost systems but cannot be
computed when a process cost system is in use.
c. Are relevant in manufacturing, merchandising, and service
industries, regardless of the type of cost accounting system in
d. Are determined by relating manufacturing costs to the number
of units sold.
4*. Debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account record:
a. The actual amounts of overhead costs incurred during a period.
b. The amount of overhead applied to production during a period.
c. The amount of overhead incurred on a specific job.
d. All conversion costs of a period.
1) d. It is an expense account and should have zero balance at the end of the financial period.
You will find the answer to these puzzling questions inside.