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    Manufacturing overhead and costs per-unit and debits to account

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    1. In the year-end financial statements, the Manufacturing Overhead
    account should have:
    a. A debit balance, representing overhead on hand and available
    for use.
    b. A credit balance, representing accumulated depreciation and
    amounts owed to suppliers of overhead items.
    c. Either a debit or a credit balance, depending upon whether the
    overhead application rate used throughout the year was higher
    or lower than 100%.
    d. A zero balance, since all overhead costs incurred during the
    period should be assigned to the production of the period.
    2. Since manufacturing costs (direct materials, direct labor, and
    overhead) are incurred in the process of manufacturing units of
    product, these costs are debited to:
    a. The Direct Materials Inventory, Direct Labor, and
    Manufacturing Overhead accounts.
    b. Expense accounts.
    c. The Work in Process Inventory account.
    d. The Cost of Goods Sold account.
    3*. Per-unit costs:
    a. Are relevant only when a company is engaged in manufacturing
    b. Are determined in job order cost systems but cannot be
    computed when a process cost system is in use.
    c. Are relevant in manufacturing, merchandising, and service
    industries, regardless of the type of cost accounting system in
    d. Are determined by relating manufacturing costs to the number
    of units sold.
    4*. Debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account record:
    a. The actual amounts of overhead costs incurred during a period.
    b. The amount of overhead applied to production during a period.
    c. The amount of overhead incurred on a specific job.
    d. All conversion costs of a period.

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    Solution Preview

    1) d. It is an expense account and should have zero balance at the end of the financial period.

    2) ...

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