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    Business Accounting for Manufacturing Company

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    Finlon Upholstery, Inc. uses a job-order costing system to accumulate manufacturing costs. The company's work-in-process on December 31, 2011, consisted of one job (no. 2077), which was carried on the year-end balance sheet at $156,800. There was no finished-goods inventory on this date. Finlon applies manufacturing overhead to production on the basis of direct-labor cost. (The budgeted direct-labor cost is the company's practical capacity, in terms of direct-labor hours, multiplied by the budgeted direct-labor rate.) Budgeted totals for 2012 for direct labor and manufacturing overhead are $4,200,000 and $5,460,000, respectively.

    Actual results for the year follow.
    Direct material used ......................................................................................... $ 5,600,000
    Direct labor ...................................................................................................... 4,350,000
    Indirect material used ....................................................................................... 65,000
    Indirect labor ................................................................................................... 2,860,000
    Factory depreciation ......................................................................................... 1,740,000
    Factory insurance ............................................................................................ 59,000
    Factory utilities ................................................................................................ 830,000
    Selling and administrative expenses .................................................................. 2,160,000
    Total ............................................................................................................ $17,664,000
    Job no. 2077 was completed in January 2012; there was no work in process at year-end. All jobs produced during 2012 were sold with the exception of job no. 2143, which contained direct-material costs of $156,000 and direct-labor charges of $85,000. The company charges any under- or over applied overhead to Cost of Goods Sold.

    Required:
    1. Determine the company's predetermined overhead application rate.
    2. Determine the additions to the Work-in-Process Inventory account for direct material used, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead.
    3. Compute the amount that the company would disclose as finished-goods inventory on the
    December 31, 2012, balance sheet.
    4. Prepare the journal entry needed to record the year's completed production.
    5. Compute the amount of under- or over applied overhead at year-end, and prepare the necessary journal entry to record its disposition.
    6. Determine the company's 2012 cost of goods sold.
    7. Would it be appropriate to include selling and administrative expenses in either manufacturing overhead or cost of goods sold? Briefly explain.

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