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    Accounting for Stock Transactions

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    Morris Corporation is publicly owned, and its shares are traded on a national stock
    exchange. Morris has 16,000 shares of $2 stated value common stock authorized. Only 75% of these shares have been issued, and of
    the shares issued, only 11,000 are outstanding. On December 31, 2012, the Stockholders' Equity section revealed that the balance in
    Paid-In Capital in Excess of Stated Value was $416,000, and the Retained Earnings balance was $110,000. Treasury stock was
    purchased at an average cost of $37.50 per share.
    During 2013, Morris had the following transactions:
    Jan. 15 Morris issued, at $55 per share, 800 shares of $50 par, 5% cumulative preferred stock; 2,000 shares are authorized.
    Feb. 1 Morris sold 1,500 shares of newly issued $2 stated value common stock at $42 per share.
    Mar. 15 Morris declared a cash dividend on common stock of $0.15 per share, payable on April 30 to all stockholders of record on
    April 1.
    Apr. 15 Morris reacquired 200 shares of its common stock for $43 per share. Morris uses the cost method to account for treasury
    stock.
    30 Morris paid dividends.
    30 Employees exercised 1,000 options granted in 2008 under a fixed stock option plan. When the options were granted, each option
    entitled the employee to purchase one share of common stock for $50 per share. The share price on the grant date was $51 per share.
    On April 30, when the market price was $55 per share, Morris issued new shares to the employees. The fair value of the options at the
    grant date was $6.
    May 1 Morris declared a 10% stock dividend to be distributed on June 1 to stockholders of record on May 7. The market price of the
    common stock was $55 per share on May 1 (before the stock dividend). (Assume that treasury shares do not participate in stock
    dividends.)
    31 Morris sold 150 treasury shares reacquired on April 15 and an additional 200 shares costing $7,500 that had been on hand since the
    beginning of the year. The selling price was $57 per share.
    June 1 Morris distributed the stock dividend.
    Sept. 15 The semiannual cash dividend on common stock was declared, amounting to $0.15 per share. Morris also declared the yearly
    dividend on preferred stock. Both are payable on October 15 to stockholders of record on October 1.
    Oct. 15 Morris paid dividends.
    Net income for 2013 was $50,000. Assume that revenues and expenses were closed to a temporary account, Income Summary. Use this
    account to complete the closing process.

    Instructions:
    Compute the number of shares and dollar amount of treasury 1. stock at the beginning of 2013.
    2. Make the necessary journal entries to record the transactions in 2013 relating to stockholders' equity.
    3. Prepare the Stockholders' Equity section of Morris Corporation's December 31, 2013, balance sheet.

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    The solution discusses accounting for stock transactions.

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