Mendel's Law of Segregation states that alleles of a gene separate so that each gamete receives only one allele. Segregation of homologous chromosomes occurs in Meiosis I when the homologous chromosomes aligned at the metaphase plate separate during Anaphase I. The result is two daughter cells with each containing one of the homologs. Suppose a hypothetical diploid cell containing 3 pairs of chromosomes goes through Meiosis I. The pairs are known as homologous chromosomes. At Prophase I, the cell has two copies of 1, two copies of 2, and two copies of 3. The two copies of chromosome 1 are distributed by the end of Meiosis I so that the first daughter cell gets one copy of each chromosome 1, 2 and 3. The other daughter cell gets the other copy of each chromosome. Note that although the chromosomes are homologous and code for the same ...
The expert examines relating Mendel`s Law to Meiosis.