Organic Chemistry is the examination of the structures and behaviors of carbon-based compounds. It uses both physical and chemical methods to evaluate these properties. Although it aims to study the behavior of organic substances in its purest form, it also focuses largely on organic reactions within different chemical systems, such as in solutions and mixtures. Even though Organic Chemistry is considered an isolated sub-discipline of chemistry, it is not truly distinct from Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry or General Chemistry, as it draws on concepts from each of these disciplines.
Organic Chemistry largely focuses on the study of structure, as one of the underlying principles is that structure determines behavior. Thus, by knowing an organic compounds structure, a chemist can predict its behavior under different chemical contexts. A common way to determine structure is through spectroscopy, which is the study of the electromagnetic interactions within the molecule under study. For example, analyzing the different peaks in a mass spectrum will reveal the mass-to-charge ratio and abundance of the different ions that are generated using the mass spectrometer. Thus, using analytical techniques to determine structure, property or reactivity is extremely important in the field of Organic Chemistry.
Since organic compounds form the basis of all life on Earth, the applicability of Organic chemistry is not limited to the laboratory – it also heavily extends into the fields of industry, agriculture, medicine and even botany. Thus, studying Organic Chemistry is essential for the prediction of organic chemical behavior.
Categories within Organic Chemistry:
Biological Chemistry is an examination of the chemical processes within biological systems.
An organic acid is a carbon-based compound with acidic properties, while an organic base is a carbon-based compound with basic properties.
In Organic Chemistry, Bonding refers to the process of a carbon-based molecule forming a chemical bond due to the attractive interactions between two atoms.
Stereochemistry is the study of the structures and spatial arrangement of atoms within a molecule.
An Organic Reaction is a subset of chemical reactions involving carbon-based compounds.
Organometallic Chemistry is the examination of the structures and properties of chemical substances which contain covalent-character bonds between carbon and a metal.
this solution describes how to name alkanes and alkenes . It was originally part of my ebook EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE. If you want more information or a more complete description to include inorganic compounds please see the ebook section of this website.
(a) The equation below shows the final product in the reaction of propan-1-ol with potassium permanganate in acidic solution. Draw the structure of the compound that forms initially in this reactionn. (see attached file for formula) (b) Complete the following equation by drawing the structure of the organic compound that w
57. A list of functional groups and the structures of two organic compounds are shown below. Locate each listed functional group within the structures, circle and label them with the appropriate letter. Note that there is only one occurrence of each functional group. (See attached file for formulas) 58. Complete the followin
Calculate the % difference for caffeine and standard deviation using your method so i can compare it to my lab partners results.
Please assist me in solving this Organic Chemistry problem. Thanks!
Please review my paper, calcs and graphs. Thanks for your previous review thanks
What is the reaction with cyanide ion and propanal?
Please provide the IUPAC fame for the following molecules (see attached file).
I would like to produce a certain molecule (as in the image) from longifolene.
(a) (i) Provide a retrosynthetic analysis of the enamine below in order to identify the starting ketone and amine. Please see the attached document for the diagram. (ii) Write a reaction mechanism to explain the formation of the enamine under acidic reaction conditions from the ketone and pyrrolidine. (b) (i) Write
(a) The pericyclic reaction shown below is an example of the Cope rearrangement. (i) Classify the sigmatropic rearrangement as an [n,n]-sigmatropic rearrangement, where n is an integer. Show how the classification is arrived at as part of your answer. Please see the attached document for the diagram. (ii) An incomplet
How many liters of the antifreeze ethylene glycol [CH2(OH)CH2(OH)] would you add to a car radiator containing 6.50 L of water if the coldest winter temperature in your area is -20 0C? Calculate the boiling point of this water-ethylene glycol mixture. (The density of ethylene glycol is 1.11.g/mL)
In the Folin Ciocalteu assay, why do we need to excess FCR? Also give 3 reasons why gallic acid is used as standard for the total phenolic assay?
Is phenol a good reducing agent?
The active ingredient in aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid (HC9H7O4), a monoprotic acid with a Ka = 3.3x10-4. What is the pH of a solution obtained by dissolving two extra-strength aspirin tablets, containing 500 mg of acetylsalicylic acid each, in 250 mL of water?
Based on food chemistry and food analysis, how was the carbohydrate content of the cereal determined?
What are the basic steps of initiated radical polymerization? Derive the rate expression of initiated radical polymerization, clearly stating the assumptions. How does this rate depend on the monomer and initiator concentrations?
Benzoic acid, C6H5COOH, melts at 122 degrees C. The density in the liquid state at 130 degrees C is 1.08 g/cm^3. The density of solid benzoic acid at 15 degrees C is 1.266 g/cm^3. In which state is the average distance between molecules the greatest? Explain the difference in densities at the two temps in terms of the kinet
Suggest a method for measuring the rate of the following reactions: i) 2H2O2(aq) ------> 2H2O (l) + O2(g) ii) HBr(g) -----------> H2(g) + Br2(g) (colorless)............(colorless)....(dark red-brown) For the dimerization reaction 2C5H6(g) --------> C10H12(g) Change in the concentration of C5H6/ change in
I have attached a structure that I have to manipulate to a given pH. I have some idea how to do it, but I am not sure about the charges. Thank you for your assistance.
Cyclopentane is a simple hydrocarbon. If 0.0956 g of the compound is burned in oxygen, 0.300 g of CO2 and 0.123 g H2O are produced. What is the empirical formula of cyclopentane? If the molar mass of cyclopentane is 70.1 g/mol, what is its molecular formula? Please provide detailed explanation.
Matter exists in three different states: solid, liquid, and gas. Depending upon its physical properties, matter will be found in one of these states at ambient temperature and pressure. Describe a situation where a substance changed between the solid and liquid states or between liquid and gas states? Can you describe an exa
Please help me with question #4.
1. Draw the two stereoisomoers of 1,3-dibromocyclobutane. 2. Attached are the two chair conformations of a 1,2,4-trimethylcyclohexane. Estimate the amount of 1,3-diaxial strain in each conformer and predict which conformer is most stable. 3. In general, 5-alkyl substituents in 1,3-dioxane exhibit a smaller equatorial prefere
Please see the attached files.
Please help me with the attached problems.
4. For the reactions: Cl + H-CH3 --> Cl-CH3 + H Cl + H-CH3 --> CH3 + H-Cl a) Calculate the change in H for each reaction using bonds dissociation enthalpies. b) One of these reactions is the rate-determining step in the correct mechanism for the chlorination of methane. What is it? Explain why, based on
Please see the attached questions with a few parts concerning electrophiles and leaving groups. I am a little confused on how to proceed. An explanation with work would be really nice. Thanks for the help.
I have attached 2 problems with a few parts on nucleophile and protonation. I am confused and would appreciate an explanation with the work. Thank you for your assistance.
Please see the attachments for questions and accompanying data.
This book describes two main categories of adsorption, differences between adsorption and absorption, thermodynamic parameters associated with adsorption, factors affecting the adsorption process, properties of surface films, some application areas, ... READ MORE »
General Chemistry - Classification of Matter
- Which is not a pure substance?