What are the effects of dummy variables in regression analysis and why are they useful?
Regression analysis is used with numerical variables. Results only have a valid interpretation if it makes sense to assume that having a value of 2 on some variable is does indeed mean having twice as much of something as a 1, and having a 50 means 50 times as much as 1.
However, social scientists often need to work with categorical variables in which the different values have no real numerical relationship with each other. Examples include variables for race, political affiliation, or marital status. If you have a variable for political affiliation with possible responses including ...
This solution explains the effects of dummy variables in regression analysis and why they are useful.