# Probability of Different Scenarios

1. A study of 200 advertising firms revealed their income after taxes:

Income after Taxes Number of Firms

Under $1 million 102

$1 million to $20 million 61

$20 million or more 37

a. What is the probability an advertising firm selected at random has under $1 million in income after taxes?

b. What is the probability an advertising firm selected at random has either an income between $1 million and $20 million, or an income of $20 million or more? What rule of probability was applied?

2. A sample of 2,000 licensed drivers revealed the following number of speeding violations.

Number of Violations Number of Drivers

0 1,910

1 46

2 18

3 12

4 9

5 or more 5

Total 2,000

a. What is the experiment?

b. List one possible event.

c. What is the probability that a particular driver had exactly two speeding violations?

d. What concept of probability does this illustrate?

3. A normal population has a mean of 80.0 and a standard deviation of 14.0.

a. Compute the probability of a value between 75.0 and 90.0.

b. Compute the probability of a value 75.0 or less.

c. Compute the probability of a value between 55.0 and 70.0.

4. A recent study of the hourly wages of maintenance crew members for major airlines showed that the mean hourly salary was $20.50, with a standard deviation of $3.50. Assume the distribution of hourly wages follows the normal probability distribution. If we select a crew member at random, what is the probability the crew member earns:

a. Between $20.50 and $24.00 per hour?

b. More than $24.00 per hour?

c. Less than $19.00 per hour?

#### Solution Summary

This solution determines the probability of several factors in various scenarios.