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Hypothesis Testing Problems

31. A new weight-watching company, Weight Reducers International, advertises that those
who join will lose, on the average, 10 pounds the first two weeks with a standard deviation
of 2.8 pounds. A random sample of 50 people who joined the new weight reduction program
revealed the mean loss to be 9 pounds. At the .05 level of significance, can we
conclude that those joining Weight Reducers on average will lose less than 10 pounds?
Determine the p-value.

32. Dole Pineapple, Inc., is concerned that the 16-ounce can of sliced pineapple is being
overfilled. Assume the standard deviation of the process is .03 ounces. The quality control
department took a random sample of 50 cans and found that the arithmetic mean
weight was 16.05 ounces. At the 5 percent level of significance, can we conclude
that the mean weight is greater than 16 ounces? Determine the p-value.

38. A recent article in The Wall Street Journal reported that the 30-year mortgage rate is now
less than 6 percent. A sample of eight small banks in the Midwest revealed the following
30-year rates (in percent):

4.8 5.3 6.5 4.8 6.1 5.8 6.2 5.6

At the .01 significance level, can we conclude that the 30-year mortgage rate for small
banks is less than 6 percent? Estimate the p-value.

27 A recent study focused on the number of times men and women who live alone buy
take-out dinner in a month. The information is summarized below.

Statistic Men Women
Sample mean 24.51 22.69
Population standard deviation 4.48 3.86
Sample size 35 40

At the .01 significance level, is there a difference in the mean number of times men and
women order take-out dinners in a month? What is the p-value?

46. Grand Strand Family Medical Center is specifically set up to treat minor medical emergencies
for visitors to the Myrtle Beach area. There are two facilities, one in the Little
River Area and the other in Murrells Inlet. The Quality Assurance Department wishes to
compare the mean waiting time for patients at the two locations. Samples of the waiting
times, reported in minutes, follow:

Location Waiting Time
Little River 31.73 28.77 29.53 22.08 29.47 18.60 32.94 25.18 29.82 26.49
Murrell's Inlet 22.93 23.92 26.92 27.20 26.44 25.62 30.61 29.44 23.09 23.10 26.69 22.31

Assume the population standard deviations are not the same. At the .05 significance level,
is there a difference in the mean waiting time?
52 The president of the American Insurance Institute wants to compare the yearly costs of
auto insurance offered by two leading companies. He selects a sample of 15 families,
some with only a single insured driver, others with several teenage drivers, and pays each
family a stipend to contact the two companies and ask for a price quote. To make the
data comparable, certain features, such as the deductible amount and limits of liability,
are standardized. The sample information is reported below. At the .10 significance level,
can we conclude that there is a difference in the amounts quoted?
BTW - this is a paired t test

Progressive GEICO
Family Car Insurance Mutual Insurance
Becker $2,090 $1,610
Berry 1,683 1,247
Cobb 1,402 2,327
Debuck 1,830 1,367
DuBrul 930 1,461
Eckroate 697 1,789
German 1,741 1,621
Glasson 1,129 1,914
King 1,018 1,956
Kucic 1,881 1,772
Meredith 1,571 1,375
Obeid 874 1,527
Price 1,579 1,767
Phillips 1,577 1,636
Tresize 860 1,188

23 A real estate agent in the coastal area of Georgia wants to compare the variation in the
selling price of homes on the oceanfront with those one to three blocks from the ocean.
A sample of 21 oceanfront homes sold within the last year revealed the standard deviation
of the selling prices was $45,600. A sample of 18 homes, also sold within the last
year, that were one to three blocks from the ocean revealed that the standard deviation
was $21,330. At the .01 significance level, can we conclude that there is more variation
in the selling prices of the oceanfront homes?

28 The following is a partial ANOVA table.

Complete the table and answer the following questions. Use the .05 significance level.
a. How many treatments are there?
b. What is the total sample size?
c. What is the critical value of F?
d. Write out the null and alternate hypotheses.
e. What is your conclusion regarding the null hypothesis?

19. In a particular market there are three commercial television stations, each with its own
evening news program from 6:00 to 6:30 P.M. According to a report in this morning's local
newspaper, a random sample of 150 viewers last night revealed 53 watched the news
on WNAE (channel 5), 64 watched on WRRN (channel 11), and 33 on WSPD (channel 13).
At the .05 significance level, is there a difference in the proportion of viewers watching
the three channels?

20. There are four entrances to the Government Center Building in downtown Philadelphia.
The building maintenance supervisor would like to know if the entrances are equally utilized.
To investigate, 400 people were observed entering the building. The number using
each entrance is reported below. At the .01 significance level, is there a difference in the
use of the four entrances?

Entrance Frequency
Main Street 140
Broad Street 120
Cherry Street 90
Walnut Street 50
Total 400

How do you classify statistical findings in order of power: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio?
Give example by making up values.


Solution Summary

The solution provides step by step method for the calculation of testing of hypothesis. Formula for the calculation and Interpretations of the results are also included. Interactive excel sheet is included. The user can edit the inputs and obtain the complete results for a new set of data.