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Hypothesis Testing: buffered aspirin

A physician's health study of the effectiveness of aspirin in the reduction of heart attacks was begun in 1982 and completed in 1987. Of 11,037 male medical doctors in the United States who took one 325 mg buffered aspirin tablet every other day, 104 suffered heart attacks during the five-year period of the study. Of 11,034 male medical doctors in the United States who took a placebo (i.e., a pill that, unknown to the participants in the study, contained no active ingredients), 189 suffered heart attacks during the five-year period of the study. Is there evidence that the proportion having heart attacks is significantly lower for the male medical doctors in the United States who received the buffered aspirin every other day than for those who received a placebo? Does this lead you to believe that taking one buffered aspirin every other day is effective in reducing the incidence of heart attacks? Explain.

Solution Summary

The solution statistically explains why taking one buffered aspirin every other day is effective in reducing the incidence of a heart attack.

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