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To find out whether 45% is significantly different from 60%, I use this:
Then I use
Then I calculate the total margin of error 4.59+3.40=7.99
If the total margin of error is < than my % difference (60%-45%=15%), then I say that the difference between these two %s is significantly different. In this case, 7.99<15 therefore it is significant.
I need to understand this formula. Could you please explain it to me in layman terms. I don't need to understand the whole mathematical basis for 'why it works'. I just need to know in simple terms what I am doing.
-Is there a name for this test? Or is it just comparing the margin of error at 95% confidence interval?
-Why do I multiply 1.96 twice?
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Answers a question on Margin of error and statistical testing.
See attached file where formatting is conserved:
Whenever we estimate the population proportion from the sample proportion we get the estimate in terms of a confidence interval corresponding to the level of significance that we select.
Thus , suppose we get the sample proportion as
for a sample size of n= 450
Then the estimate of the population proportion will lie within 45% (+ or -) margin of error
The margin of error depends on the sample size n and the level of significance alpha (a)
Suppose we choose alpha (a) = 0.05 or 5%
margin of error = Z * sp
where z value comes from normal distribution table depending on alpha (a)
and sp=standard error of proportion=square root of (pq/n)=square root of (p(1-p)/n) as p+q=1 and therefore q=1-p
n is the sample size
Confidence limits for proportions when sample proportion = 45%
n=sample size= 450
sp=standard error of proportion=square root of (pq/n)= 2.35% =square root of ( 45.% * 55.% / 450)
Significance level=alpha (a) = 5%
No of tails= 2
This is a 2 tailed test ...
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