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    Gentrification

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    1. Looking for some outline ideas for gentrification for the Chicago area for a paper and presentation.

    2. How can I address the growth in different areas of the city?

    3. Why some areas that were supposed to be developed and weren't.

    Ideas??

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 5:55 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/sociology/stratification/gentrification-72408

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    Please see response attached.

    Sociology, Urban Sociology
    Year 4
    Gentrification
    Hi,
    I did an on-line search using the Google search engine and the query "gentrification for the Chicago area" and located some interesting "hits." Let's take a closer look at the following questions:
    Hello. Looking for some outline ideas for gentrification for the Chicago area for a paper and presentation.
    1. How can I address the growth in different areas of the city?
    You find the information that you need e.g., the population growth in different areas, which is often from Census data e.g., Census statistics, like the following information in example 1 and 2 below. In other words, you would name the area, provide population and growth patterns for each area of the city, and perhaps the political and social implications. The attached article deals effectively with some of these issues. Also, there are other valuable resources listed in the last question to consider as well.
    Example 1: Attached article
    See http://www.luc.edu/depts/sociology/johnson/fedletter.pdf, which is attached as "Chicago.pdf" for convenience and in case the article is no longer made available on-line.
    Example 2:
    The population of the Chicago metropolitan region grew by 869,000 (11.6%) between 1990 and 2000. The region had a total population of 8,376,601 by April of 2000 and was the third largest metropolitan region in the country. Gains were greatest in the outer suburbs and smallest in the City. The population increase of 112,000 in the City of Chicago was the first in more than 50 years (Chart 1). Suburban Cook County gained 159,000 during the period and the outer suburbs gained approximately 598,000. Roughly 36% of the regions population resides in the City of Chicago, 30 percent lives in Suburb Cook County and the remaining 35.8% resides in the outer suburbs. Chicago's share of regional population has declined over the past several decades while Suburban Cook County's and later the outer suburb's shares increased (Chart 2 ).

    The City of Chicago grew because Hispanics increased by 220,000 between 1990 and 2000. This gain offset a significant net loss of non-Hispanic Whites (134,000) and a minimal loss of Blacks (3,000). The Other? category (which is primarily Asians) also grew during the period (Chart 3 ). Population gains in Suburban Cook County resulted from the growth of the Hispanic, Black and Other racial groups. These gains were sufficient to offset the loss of 184,000 Whites from Suburban Cook County. All four racial groups gained population in the outer suburbs; with the largest gain experienced by the White population (285,000). Hispanics experienced substantial growth (204,000) as well, whereas gains to the Black and Other categories were more modest. The distribution of racial groups within the three areas shifted during the decade as a result of these racial and ethnic trends. Blacks (37%) were the largest racial group in Chicago in 2000 followed by Whites (32%) and Hispanics (26%). The "Other" Group (largely Asian) and the new "Two or More Race" categories represented much more modest proportions of the City population ( Chart 4 ). Suburban Cook County remains nearly 68% percent White despite a 10% loss of this segment of the population. The outer suburbs are approximately 78% White.
    Migration and Natural Increase
    Population change in the Chicago region occurs through two distinct demographic processes. The first of these is net migration, which is the difference between the number of individuals moving into an area and the number leaving. The second means, natural increase (or natural decrease), is the difference between the number of births in an area and the number of deaths.

    The Chicago metropolitan area experienced an overall net migration gain of 164,000 (2.2%) between 1990 and 2000. This gain resulted from a net influx of approximately 408,000 immigrants (migration from outside the U.S.) that was sufficient to offset the net loss of 244,000 domestic migrants (migrants moving from one place in the U.S. to another). Chicago is similar to a number of other large U.S. metropolitan areas (New York, Los Angeles and San Francisco) that lost many domestic migrants but gained substantial numbers of immigrants.

    The City of Chicago experienced a net migration loss of 176,000 in the 1990s. This loss occurred because the net loss of domestic migrants from the City was only partially offset by a net gain from immigration (Chart 5 ). The migration loss by the City of Chicago in the 1990s is considerably smaller than those it experienced in each of the three prior decades. Suburban Cook County gained approximately 18,000 net migrants during the decade because net immigration gains were sufficient to offset net losses of domestic migrants. The remainder of the Chicago region experienced a net migration gain of 322,000 fueled by a net influx of both domestic migration and immigratants.

    There were 1,350,000 births and 645,000 deaths in the Chicago region between 1990 and 2000 producing a population gain attributable to natural increase of 705,000. The gain from natural increase was greatest in the outer suburban ring and smallest in suburban Cook County.

    An examination of net migration and natural increase by race produces a revealing picture of the complex dynamics of demographic change in the metropolitan region. The City's non-Hispanic White population experienced both net out migration (-120,000) and natural decrease (-13,000) between 1990 and 2000 ( Chart 6 ). Natural decrease occurred because White deaths exceeded births. Blacks also experienced significant net out migration (-132,000) from the City during the 1990s, though it was largely offset by natural increase (129,000). In contrast, Hispanics experienced both substantial natural increase and significant net migration gains. However, it is important to note that more than two-thirds of Hispanic growth in ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution provides information and ideas concerning gentrification for the Chicago area.

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