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    Stations of the Cross

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    List the traditional 14 stations of the Cross, a brief history, and the events tied to each station. What they they mean to those who partake? Provide Scriptural support. Thanks.

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    The Stations of the Cross are a Catholic devotion meant to evoke a contemplative experience of Jesus' last hours.

    The faithful follow a series of 14 pictorial images representing scenes of Jesus' condemnation, his road to Calvary, and his crucifixion. The images often are shown on the walls of Catholic churches so believers can move from one "station" to another, reflecting on Christ's suffering. The traditional 14 stations trace events as follows:

    1: Jesus is condemned to death. [All the Gospels agree.]

    2: Jesus bears his cross. [All the Gospels agree.]

    3: Jesus falls the first time beneath the cross. [Although plausible, no falls are explicitly mentioned in the Gospels.]

    4: Jesus meets his mother, Mary. [Although John 19:26 says Mary was standing nearby as Jesus died, the Gospel does not mention a meeting while he was carrying the cross.]

    5: Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus to carry the cross. [Mark 15:21]

    6: Veronica wipes the face of Jesus. [The theme of a woman wiping the sweat and blood from Jesus' face, using a veil that later bore his image, is not recorded in scripture. It most likely originated in a 14th-century French legend.]

    7: Jesus falls a second time. [See number 3.]

    8: Jesus speaks to the women of Jerusalem. [Luke 23:27-32]

    9: Jesus falls a third time. [See number 3.]

    10: Jesus is stripped of his garments. [All the Gospels agree. This is seen as a fulfillment of Psalm 22:18, which says, "They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing."]

    11: Jesus is nailed to the cross. [Although the Gospels say Jesus was crucified, they do not specify the method used. Ropes were a possibility. However, John 20:27 implies nails were used; in it, the risen Christ invites Thomas to touch the holes in his hands.]

    12: Jesus dies on the cross. [All the Gospels agree.]

    13: Jesus is taken from the cross. [All the Gospels agree.]

    14: Jesus is laid in the tomb. [All the Gospels agree.]

    Based on 4th-century pilgrimages to the Holy Land to retrace the steps that Christ walked to Calvary, the Stations took shape over the centuries. In the early Middle Ages, those who couldn't make the trip to Jerusalem would build churches in their local areas with pictures representing the scenes of Jesus' journey. Franciscans in the late 18th century broadly popularized the Stations, says Lawrence Cunningham, professor of theology at Notre Dame University in South Bend, Ind.

    What meaning does it have to the fiathful? (excerpt)

    The Stations of the Cross, or Way of the Cross, is a form of devotion commemorating the Passion and death of Christ, consisting of a series of 14 meditations, or stations. Depictions of these stations are mounted on the walls of most churches below small crosses.

    At Saint Charles Borromeo Catholic Church in Picayune, MS, not only do we have Stations in the church, but we also have a Stations of the Cross located in a special Prayer Garden next to the church.

    A person making the Way of the Cross passes before each of these stations, pausing at each for prayer and meditation. A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful for making the Stations of the Cross under the normal conditions:

    * one is free from all attachment from sin
    * one receives the Sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist
    * one prays for the intentions of the Pope

    For those that are impeded from making the Way of the Cross in the usual manner, a plenary indulgence can still be gained if, along with the above normal conditions, one spends at least one half hour in spiritual reading and meditation on the Passion and death of Christ. This Virtual Stations of the Cross is designed to help those who are unable to participate in a Way of the Cross. In this Virtual Stations of the Cross, you will be lead through the St. Charles Prayer Garden, one station at a time, and will be provided thoughts for contemplation and accompanying prayer.

    All meditation, prayer & poetry within this Virtual Stations of the Cross were taken from a Douay-Rheims Bible.

    (excerpted from http://www.scborromeo.org/soc.htm)
    I hope this helps. Good luck and take care.

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