Describe the Hawthorne studies. What did the researchers find? What is the Hawthorne effect? Have you ever experienced or observed the Hawthorne effect in action (please explain)?
Describe the Hawthorne Studies:
The Hawthorne Studies refers to a series of experiments over the course of five years that examined worker productivity. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, sociologist Elton Mayo studied employees at the Hawthorne Works Western Electric factory in Hawthorne, Illinois (formerly a Chicago suburb, now part of Cicero, IL). The primary goal of the studies was to observe the effects of various physical conditions on worker productivity. Specifically, it was believed that brighter lighting would increase productivity. Employees were separated into two groups. One group did not experience any changes to the work environment (no changes in lighting), while the other group did (brighter lighting). Unexpectedly, productivity increased in both ...
This library solution provides a brief description of the Hawthorne Studies conducted by Mayo in the 1920s and 1930s. An explanation of the Hawthorne Effect is also included.