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Identifying Plagiarism

Clearly, how can I identify plagiarism? What portion of this paper is plagiarized? Can you correct the errors by closing and properly quoting and citing the plagiarized portions and giving proper attribution to the source material.

Source material (original):

To communicate effectively with other people, one must have a reasonably accurate idea of what they do and do not know that is pertinent to the communication. Treating people as though they have knowledge they do not have can result in miscommunication and perhaps embarrassment. On the other hand, a fundamental rule of conversation, at least according to a Gricean view, is that one generally does not convey to others information that one can assume they already have (Gice, 1975). A speaker who overestimates what his or her listeners know may talk over their heads; one who underestimates their knowledge may, in the interest of being clear, be perceived as talking down to them. Both types of misjudgment work against effective and efficient communication (Nickerson, 1999, p. 737).

Plagiarized version

As Raymond Nickerson (1999) reminds us, "To communicate effectively with other people, one must have a reasonably accurate idea of what they do and do not know that is pertinent to the communication" (p. 737). If we treat people as if they have knowledge that they do not have, we can cause miscommunication and perhaps embarrassment. Conversely, it is important not to convey to others information that we can assume they already have. A speaker overestimating what his or her listeners already know may be talking over their heads, and a speaker who underestimates their knowledge may be perceived as talking down to them. Both of these wrong estimations work against effective and efficient communication.

Solution Preview

(1) Clearly, how can I identify plagiarism? What portion of this paper is plagiarized?

In the second sentence, the student has left out a couple of words, and added others; but the sentence structure is basically the same. In the third sentence, words have been added to Grice's (1975) quote, and the author has not been given credit for the quote. In the fourth sentence, the verb has been changed to a participle phrase, "overestimating what his or her listeners already know" and the phrase, "in the interest of being clear' is omitted; however, the sentence structure is ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares plagirized and n0n-plagirized content in a specific article.

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