I have chosen:
o Edward Lee Thorndike (functionalistic)
o Ivan Pavlov (associationistic)
Please analyze briefly, the functionalistic and associationistic theories associated with my selected theorists. In your layout or bullets, address the following items:
Discuss the contributions of selected theorists made to the field of learning and cognition.
Describe the models associated with selected theorists.
Describe the major theoretical concepts associated with the models.
Analyze the modern-day relevancy of the models, such as in media advertisements or education
I have some research info on Thorndike. He was a leader of the functionalist movement interested in studying how individuals adapted to their environments and how this knowledge could be applied to improve the human condition and how the mind serves to adapt the individual to the environment.
I have 2 references already, if you can provide more, I will greatly appreciates it, that way I can review the research further.
*Ivan Pavlov first discovered the power of positive associations and he used it to train dogs. Pavlov had spent many years studying the digestive processes of dogs. To help in his studies, he would occasionally ask his assistants to put powdered meat in the dog's mouth so they would salivate. One day he noticed that the dogs would salivate even before they would begin to consume the meat powder. The sight of the food sent these dogs into a frenzy of anticipation. Pavlov began to purposely control the signals that preceded the food. In another experiment, he sounded a bell before placing it in the dog's mouth. After several pairings of a bell with food, the dog would drool in response to the bell sound without any food being shown as well. Through this experiment he discovered classical conditioning. As a result, scientists could systematically study human learning by varying the associations between two stimuli and charting out what effect this has on a subject's response. Pavlov's research helped us understand and use the power of positive association but it ultimately paved the way for understanding the role that negative associations can play in the development of phobias and irrational fears.
* Through classical conditioning, Pavlov concluded that he was able to pair a neutral stimulus with an excitatory one and have the neutral one eventually ...
This solution provides an analysis of the functionalistic and associationistic theories.