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What are the general similarities and differences in the Code of Ethics of the American Counseling Association and the Code of Ethics of the American Association of Christian Counselors?

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The American Counseling Association (ACA, 2005) Code of Ethics:

The code of ethics of the American Counseling Association (ACA, 2004) sets forth guidelines for ethical responsibilities of its members, and is designed to assist its members in constructing a professional course of action to utilize counseling services and promote the values of the counseling profession. The code serves as the basis for processing ethical complaints and inquiries against its members. The Code has 8 sections that includes:

Section A: counseling relationship
Section B: confidentiality, privileged communication and privacy
Section C: Professional relationship
Section D: Relationship with other professional
Section E: evaluation, Assessment and Interpretation
Section F: Supervision, Training and Teaching
Section G: Research and Publication, and
Section H: Resolving Ethical Issues

The American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC, 2004) Code of Ethics:

The Code of the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC, 2004) is a comprehensive, detailed, and integrative synthesis of biblical, clinical, systemic, ethical, and legal information. It was created to address incompetent practices among Christian counselors, including increasing complaints of client-parishioner harm. Beyond defining boundaries of unethical practice, the code incorporates principles of biblical (Old and New Testament) and historic orthodox Christian theology into its ethical guidelines. Christian and biblical principles are viewed as accepted standards of codes and ethics as appropriate practice for Christian counseling and mental health counseling. The ethical code is enumerated in five sections and consisting of the following guidelines

(1) Ethical Standards for Christian counselors
(2) Ethical Standards for supervisors, Educators, Researchers & Writers
(3) Standards and exemptions for ordained ministers and pastoral counselors
(4) standards and exemptions for lay helpers and other ministers, and
(5) standards for resolving legal-ethical conflicts.

The following codes bear a similarity in the ethical guidelines for the ACA and AACC Ethics codes.

ACA (Section A.4.a): "Avoiding Harm and Imposing Values"-- states that counselors act to avoid harming their clients, trainees, and research participants, and make all efforts to minimize or remedy, "unavoidable or unanticipated harm."

AACC (ES1-100): "First Do No Harm," -- Christian counselors acknowledge that the first rule of professional-ministerial ethical conduct is to do no harm to those they serve.

ACA (Section A5), "Roles and Relationships with Clients" -- A.5.a ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the differences and similarities between the ACA and AACC Code of Ethics

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Fictitious organization that exemplifies business ethics.

- Create a fictitious organization that exemplifies business ethics.
- Write a 2,100- to 2,800-word paper in which you explain the organization's ethics programs and overall ethical environment. Address the following in your examination:

o Describe current moral and ethical issues faced by the organization.
o Explain how the fictitious company deals with the relationship between ethics, morality, and social issues in the legal environment.
o Evaluate the organization's ethics program based on the code of ethics, training, monitoring, and enforcement.
o Consider the following questions:

- Code of Ethics
o Does a formal code of ethics exist?
o What topics are included in the code of ethics?
o How is the code distributed and used?
o Is the code reinforced in reward and decision-making systems?

- Training
o Is ethics emphasized to recruits and new employees?
o How are employees and managers oriented to an organization's values?
o Are managers trained in ethical decision-making?
o What ethics training exists for employees?

- Monitoring
o How are ethics and integrity measured throughout the organization?
o Are whistle-blowers encouraged? If so, how?
o Does a language exist that allows employees and managers to openly discuss ethical situations?
o What ethical considerations are incorporated into planning and policy-making at the organization?

- Enforcement
o How do managers enforce ethics?
o How are ethics enforced by the organization? How is unethical behavior dealt with?

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