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Playing with a Water Hose

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Two children, Ferdinand and Isabella, are playing with a water hose on a sunny summer day. Isabella is holding the hose in her hand 1.0 meters above the ground and is trying to spray Ferdinand, who is standing 10.0 meters away. To increase the range of the water, Isabella places her thumb on the hose hole and partially covers it. Assuming that the flow remains steady, what fraction f of the cross-sectional area of the hose hole does she have to cover to be able to spray her friend? Assume that the cross section of the hose opening is circular with a radius of 1.5 centimeters. Express your answer as a percentage to the nearest integer.

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Solution Summary

The solution provides a step-by-step solution for finding the cross-sectional area for the required size of a water hole to allow for water to pass through.

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Let a1 be the initial cross-section area and a2 the final area.
Let v1 be the initial velocity and v2 be the final velocity of the water jet
Let R1 be the intial range(horizontal distance ...

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