1. A bicycle travels 141 m along a circular track of radius 15m. What is the angular displacement in radians of the bicycle from its starting position?
a. 1.0 rad
b. 1.5 rad
c. 3.0 rad
d. 4.7 rad
e. 9.4 rad
2. What is the angular speed in rad/s of the second hand of a watch?
a. 1.7 à? 10-3 rad/s
b. 0.10 rad/s
c. 0.02 rad/s
d. 6.28 rad/s
e. 60 rad/s
3. During the spin-dry cycle of a washing machine, the motor slows from 95 rad/s to 30 rad/s while the turning the drum through an angle of 402 radians. What is the magnitude of the angular acceleration of the motor?
a. 64 rad/s2
b. 32 rad/s2
c. 10 rad/s2
d. 20 rad/s2
e. 1.0 rad/s2
4. During the time a compact disc (CD) accelerates from rest to a constant rotational
speed of 477 rev/min, it rotates through an angular displacement of 0.250 rev. What is the angular acceleration of the CD?
a. 126 rad/s2
b. 358 rad/s2
c. 794 rad/s2
d. 866 rad/s2
e. 901 rad/s2
5. A grindstone of radius 4.0 m is initially spinning with an angular speed of 8.0 rad/s. The angular speed is then increased to 10 rad/s over the next 4.0 seconds. Assume that the angular acceleration is constant. What is the average angular speed of the grindstone?
a. 0.5 rad/s
b. 2.0 rad/s
c. 4.5 rad/s
d. 9.0 rad/s
e. 18 rad/s
6. A roulette wheel with a 1.0-m radius reaches a maximum angular speed of 18 rad/s before it stops 35 revolutions (220 rad) after attaining the maximum speed. How long did it take the wheel to stop?
a. 12 s
b. 48 s
c. 3.7 s
d. 8.8 s
e. 24 s
7. What is the tangential speed of a lug nut on a wheel of a car if the lug nut is located 0.114 m from the axis of rotation and the wheel is rotating at 6.53 rev/sec?
a. 0.745 m/s
b. 1.49 m/s
c. 2.98 m/s
d. 4.68 m/s
e. 9.36 m/s
8. A rigid body rotates about a fixed axis with a constant angular acceleration. Which one of the following statements is true concerning the tangential acceleration of any point on the body?
a. Its magnitude is zero m/s2
b. It depends on the angular velocity
c. It is equal to the centripetal acceleration
d. It is constant in both magnitude and direction
e. It depends on the change in the angular velocity
9. A circular hoop rolls without slipping on a flat horizontal surface. Which one of the following is necessarily true?
a. All points on the rim of the hoop have the same speed
b. All points on the rim of the hoop have the same velocity
c. Every point on the rim of the wheel has a different velocity
d. All points on the rim of the hoop have acceleration vectors that are tangent to the hoop
e. All points on the rim of the hoop have acceleration vectors that point toward the center of the hoop
a. 0.58 N ? m
b. 0.84 N ? m
c. 1.71 N ? m
d. 14 N ? m
e. 58 N ? m
11. Complete the following statements: A body is in translational equilibrium
a. Only if it is at rest
b. Only if it is moving with constant velocity
c. Only if it is moving with constant velocity
d. If it is either at rest or moving with constant velocity
e. If it is moving with either constant velocity or constant acceleration
12. What, approximately, is the magnitude of the downward force exerted on the fulcrum?
a. Zero newtons
b. 100 N
c. 600 N
d. 800 N
e. 1000 N
13. Consider four point masses located as shown in the sketch. The acceleration due to gravity is the same everywhere. What is the x coordinate of the center of gravity for this system?
a. 2.0 m
b. 2.7 m
c. 3.0 m
d. 3.3 m
e. 3.8 m
14. Two uniform solid spheres, A and B have the same mass. The radius of sphere B is twice that of sphere A. The axis of rotation passes through each sphere. Which one of the following statements concerning the moments of inertia of these spheres is true?
a. The moment of inertia of A is one-fourth that of B
b. The moment of inertia of A is one-half that of B
c. The moment of inertia of A is 5/4 that of B
d. The moment of inertia of A is 5/8 that of B
e. The two spheres have equal moments of inertia
15. A string is wrapped around a pulley of radius 0.10 m and moment of inertia 0.15 kg ? m2. The string is pulled with a force of 12 N. What is the magnitude of the resulting angular acceleration of the pulley?
a. 18 rad/s2
b. 0.13 rad/s2
c. 80 rad/s2
d. 0.055 rad/s2
e. 8.0 rad/s2
16. A 50-kg rider on a moped of mass 75 kg is traveling with a speed of 20 m/s. Each of the two wheels of the moped has a radius of 0.2 m and a moment of inertia of 0.2 kg ? m2. What is the total rotational kinetic energy of the wheels?
a. 80 J
b. 100 J
c. 500 J
d. 2000 J
e. 4000 J
17. A solid sphere of radius R rotates about a diameter with an angular speed ω. The sphere then collapses under the action of internal forces to a final radius R/2. What is the final angular speed of the sphere?
18. Gina's favorite exercise equipment at the gym consists of various springs. In one exercise, she pulls a handle grip attached to the free end of a spring to 0.80 m from its unstrained position. The other end of the spring (spring constant = 53 N/m) is held in place by the equipment frame. What is the magnitude of force that Gina is applying to the handle grip?
a. 31 N
b. 36 N
c. 42 N
d. 54 N
e. 66 N
a. 0.13 m/s2
b. 0.20 m/s2
c. 0.51 m/s2
d. 2.6 m/s2
e. 35 m/s2
20. A ping-pong ball weighs 2.5 à? 10-2N. The ball is placed inside a cup that sits on top of a vertical spring. If the spring is compressed 0.055 m and released, the maximum height above the compressed position that the ball reaches is 2.84 m. Neglect air resistance and determine the spring constant.
a. 47 N/m
b. 24 N/m
c. 11 N/m
d. 5.2 N/m
e. 2.6 N/m
21. What is the period of a pendulum consisting of a 6-kg object oscillating on a 4-m string?
a. 0.25 s
b. 0.50 s
c. 1.0 s
d. 2.0 s
e. 4.0 s
22. Which one of the following terms is used to describe a system in which the degree of damping is just enough to stop the system from oscillating?
a. Slightly damped
c. Critically damped
23. A simple harmonic oscillator with a period of 2.0 s is subject to damping so that it loses one percent of its amplitude per cycle. About how much energy does this oscillator lose per cycle?
a. 0.5 %
b. 1.0 %
c. 1.4 %
d. 2.0 %
e. 4.0 %
24. A cable stretches by an amount d when it supports a crate of mass M. The cable is replaced by another cable of the same material having the same length but twice the diameter. What is the mass of the load that can be supported by the thicker cable if it stretches by an amount d?
25. Which one of the following statements concerning Hook's law is false?
a. Hook's law relates stress and strain.
b. Hook's law is valid only for springs.
c. Hook's haw can be verified experimentally.
d. Hook's law can be applied to a wide range of materials.
e. Hook's law is valid only within the elastic limit of a given material.
Fully explained and solved. A complete study guide.
Mechanics and Gravitation: 17 Multiple choice questions
(See attached file for full problem description)
Mark the following statements true or false.
1. (b) A conservative force can do no work on an object.
2. (a) Potential energy is necessarily a positive quantity.
(b) Kinetic energy is necessarily a positive quantity.
(c) The change in potential energy of an object is equal to the net work done on the object.
3. (a) I pick up a 50-lb crate and set it on a shelf 4ft off the floor. The mechanical energy of the crate is conserved.
4. (a) The centripetal acceleration of an object undergoing circular motion is always directed toward the center of the circle.
The rest are multiple choice.
5. A ball (I=2/5 mr^2) and a hoop (I=mr^2), both with the same mass, are rolled up an incline with the same initial kinetic energy . Therefore,
a. The ball goes further
b. The hoop goes further
c. The ball and hoop go the same distance
d. There is no way to tell which object goes farther, because the radii of the objects aren't given.
6. The necessary condition for the conservation of angular momentum of an object is
a. no net work is done on the object by conservative forces.
b. No net work is done on the object by any non-conservative forces.
c. No net work is done on the object by any force.
d. The net external torque on the object is zero.
e. The net external torque and force acting on the body is zero
7. The net work expended to accelerate a car from 0to 30m/s
a. is equal to that required to accelerate it from 30m/s to 60 m/s
b. is more than that required to accelerate it from 30m/s to 60m/s
c. is less than that required to accelerate it from 30m/s to 60m/s
d. can be a,b, or c, depending on the time taken for the acceleration
8. A planet has two moon with identical mass. Moon 1 is in a circular orbit of radius r. Moon 2 is in a circular orbit of radius 2r. The magnitude of the gravitational force exerted by the planet on Moon 2 compared to the gravitational force exerted by the planet on Moon 1 is
a. four times as large
b. twice as large
c. half as large
d. one-fourth as large
9. We read that the period of earth satellite A is 3 hours and the period of earth satellite B is 6 hours. Therefore, from Kepler's 3rd law, we can conclude that
a. The speed of A is twice the speed of B
b. A is closer to earth than is B
c. B is closer to earth than is A
d. The speed of B is greater than the speed of A
e. A and B sweep out equal areas around the earth in equal time.
10. A ball with a mass of .150kg if traveling initially at 14.0 m/s to the right collides head-on with a .300kg ball that is initially at rest. After the collision, the first ball is found to have a speed of 2.30m/s to the left. What is the speed of the second ball after the collision.
11. A hoop (I=mr^2) of mass 25kg rolls without slipping. If the center of mass of the hoop has a translational speed of 4.0m/s the total kinetic energy of the hoop is
12. A space station is constructed in the shape of a wheel with a diameter of 200. m. What angular velocity must the station have to produce an "artificial gravity" at the rim of 9.80m/s^2.
a. 0.313 rad/s
b. 0.098 rad/s
c. 0.560 rad/s
d. 0.049 rad/s
e. 0.221 rad/s
13. A wheel slows from 20 rad/s to 12 rad/s in 5 seconds under the influence of a constant frictional torque. In these 5 seconds, through what angle (in radians) does the wheel turn?
a. 20 rad
b. 40 rad
c. 60 rad
d. 80 rad
e. 100 rad
14. Suppose you exert a force of 180N tangentially to a 0.280 m radius 75 kg grindstone (I =mr^2/2). What is the angular acceleration assuming negligible opposing friction.
a. 50.4 rad/s^2
b. 2.94 rad/s ^2
c. 148.2 rad/s^2
d. 17.1 rad/s^2
15. The head of a 200-g golf club is traveling at 55 m/s just before it strikes a 46-g golf ball at rest on a tee. After the collision, the club head travels ( in the same direction) at 40 m/s.
What is the speed of the golf ball right after impact
a. 65 m/s
b. 78 m/s
c. 89 m/s
d. 102 m/s
16. The distance (from the center of the earth) that a satellite orbits the earth is doubled by NASA so that it can perform a new mission. The new gravitational force exerted by the earth on the satellite is ____ times the original gravitational force.
17. A 40-kg girl, standing at rest in ice, gives a 60-kg boy, who is standing at rest on the ice, a shove. After the shove, the boy is moving backwards at 2.0 m/s. Ignoring friction, what is the girl's speed after the shove.
b. 1.3 m/s
c. 2.0 m/s
d. 3.0 m/s
e. 6.0 m/s