A particle is projected vertically upward in a constant gravitational field with an initial speed of v_0. Show that if there is a retarding force proportional to the square of the instantaneous speed, the speed of the particle when it returns to the initial position is:
(v_0*v_t)/[(v_0)^2 + (v_t)^2]^1/2
where v_t is the terminal speed.
Please show the frame of reference used and all steps.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com September 19, 2018, 7:44 am ad1c9bdddf - https://brainmass.com/physics/resistance/mechanics-vertical-projection-air-resistance-201873
Please refer to the attachment for complete solution.
As the particle travels upwards, it is subjected to downward forces weight mg and air drag fd where fd = kv2 where v is the instantaneous speed and k is the proportionality constant.
Net force on the particle F = mg + kv2
Or instantaneous acceleration a = (mg + kv2)/m .......(1)
Let the particle move up by a small distance dy in time dt and its velocity decreases from v to (v-dv)
Applying v2 - u2 = 2as to the particle for its displacement dy :
(v - dv)2 - v2 = 2[(mg + kv2)/m] dy
Or v2 + dv2 - 2v dv - v2 = 2[(mg + kv2)/m] dy
Ignoring dv2 as negligible we get : - v dv = [(mg + kv2)/m] dy
Or dy = - (m/k) [v/[(gm/k + v2)] dv
Or y = - (m/k) ∫[v/[(gm/k + v2)] dv + C where C is the constant of ...
The expert examines vertical projection with air resistance in mechanics. Instantaneous speeds are analyzed.