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    Hydrogen Spectrum

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    1. For each of the following transitions in he hydrogen atom, calculate the energy, frequency, and wavelength of the associated radiation, and determine whether the radiation is emitted or absorbed.

    a. n=5 to n=1
    b. n=4 to n=6

    2. One of the emission lines of the hydrogen atom spectrum has a wavelength of 93.8 nm.

    a. Determine the region of the electromagnetic spectrum this emission is found.
    b. Determine the initial and final values of n associated with the emission.

    3. What is the difference between an emission spectrum and an absorption spectrum?

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    https://brainmass.com/physics/energy/transitions-hydrogen-atom-emission-lines-absorption-376572

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    1. For each of the following transitions in the hydrogen atom, calculate the energy, frequency, and wavelength of the associated radiation, and determine whether the radiation is emitted or absorbed.
    a. n=5 to n=1
    b. n=4 to n=6
    Solution: Electron energy in the nth levels in a hydrogen atom is given by:
    En = - 13.6/n2 eV ........(1)
    a) Energy in the level n = 5 = E5 = - 13.6/52 = - 0.544 eV
    Energy in the level n = 1 (Ground state) = E1 = - 13.6/12 = - 13.6 eV
    Change in the energy of the electron in transition = Initial energy - Final energy
    = - 0.544 - (- 13.6) = 13.6 - 0.544 = 13.056 eV = 13.056 x 1.6 x 10-19 = 20.89 x 10-19 J
    Applying the equation: E = hυ ........(2) where υ = Frequency of the radiation emitted, h = Planck's constant = 6.62 x 10-34 Js
    20.89 x 10-19 = 6.62 x 10-34 υ
    υ = 20.89 x 10-19/6.62 x 10-34 = 3.16 x 1015 Hz
    Wave length λ = c/υ = 3 x 108/3.16 x 1015 = 9.49 x 10-8 m
    As the transition is from a higher energy level to a lower energy level, the radiation equal to the energy level difference is emitted.
    Energy of the radiation = 20.89 x 10-19 J
    Frequency of the ...

    Solution Summary

    The transition in the hydrogen atom, emission lines and absorption spectrums are given. Step by step solution provided for questions involving hydrogen.

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