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Distance Comparisons of Planets and Stars

List the following in order of increasing length:

size of the Sun

distance from the Sun to the Earth

size of Jupiter

distance to Jupiter

distance to the Moon

distance to Pluto

2. You are cruising down the highway at 60 mph (100 kph) and, without losing speed you follow the road which veers to the right. Have you accelerated?

3. You are driving along a straight road at 60 mph (100 kph) when you lift your foot off the accelerator until you reach a speed of 30 mph (50kph). Have you accelerated?

4. What is the basic difference between light waves and all other wave phenomena?

5. It takes 4 hydrogens to fuse into a helium atom. However, the mass of the 4 hydrogens is greater than the mass of the helium atom. What happens to the missing mass?

6. If you know that Stars A and B have the same luminosity, and yet Star A appears to be 100 times dimmer than Star B, how much farther is Star A than Star B?

7. A certain red star and a certain blue star are found to be radiating the same number of photons per second. Which star is more luminous and why?

8. The Sun is a low mass star and so will never have the core fusion reactions of massive stars. Yet, the Sun has iron in its atmosphere, as well as gold, silver and other elements much heavier than iron. Why?

9. When a gravitational disturbance occurs, how fast does the ripple in space-time travel in empty space?

Solution Preview

The solution is attached below in two files. the files are identical in content, only differ in format. The first is in MS Word format, while the other is in Adobe pdf format. Therefore you can choose the format that is most suitable to you.

Distance between Sun and Pluto:
Distance between the Sun and Jupiter:
Distance between Sun and Earth:
Size (diameter) of the sun:
Distance between Earth and Moon:
Size (diameter) of Jupiter:

2. You are cruising down the highway at 60 mph (100 kph) and, without losing speed you follow the road which veers to the right. Have you accelerated?
Newton's first law states that: In the absence of force, a body either is at rest or moves in a straight line with constant speed.
Newton's second law for a body with constant mass: A body experiencing a force F experiences acceleration a related to F by F = ma, where m is the mass of the body.
The car changes direction, hence a force must be applied, and according to the second law - there is acceleration.

3. You are driving along a straight road ...

Solution Summary

Basic astronomy questions are addressed in the solution.

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