Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Capacitor Charge and Change in Dielectric

    Not what you're looking for? Search our solutions OR ask your own Custom question.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    An air-filled capacitor is connected across a 200-V voltage source.

    a) If the air-gap between the two plates is 0.5 mm and the area A of the plates is 0.2 m^2, what is the capacitance?
    b) After the source fully charges the capacitor, the capacitor is immersed in transformer oil, whose dielectric constant is k = 4.5. What is the change of the electric energy ΔU in the capacitor if the voltage source remained connected during the process?
    c) What is the change of the electric energy ΔU in the capacitor if the voltage source disconnected before it is immersed in the oil?

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 11:46 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/physics/applied-physics/capacitor-charge-change-dielectric-600044

    SOLUTION This solution is FREE courtesy of BrainMass!

    a. We use the formula to compute the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor. The dielectric constant of air is approximately equal to1:

    Please see attachment for formula and full solution.

    b. With dielectric change while the voltage source is remained connected, the voltage through the capacitor is constantly charging the new capacitor, while the capacitance of the capacitor will increase by a factor of k. Therefore, the new energy stored in the capacitor will be:

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 11:46 pm ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/physics/applied-physics/capacitor-charge-change-dielectric-600044

    Attachments

    ADVERTISEMENT