What does Plato say about knowledge? In his Allegory, what do the Sun, line and cave represent?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 9:04 pm ad1c9bdddf
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What can we know / how do we know it?
-can we "know" (have knowledge about) the things that are all around us?
We can have:
-common sense view
-but, if we can not trust our senses as the means to knowledge and if and can not have knowledge of sensible things...
-what, exactly, can we know?
-how can we know about it?
Plato (c. 427-347BCE) answers these questions by talking about the REALM OF THE FORMS (the Allegory of the SUN, the LINE and the CAVE)
What is the sun for Plato?
What qualities does he focus on when he talks about the sun?
How do the qualities transfer over the metaphor for knowledge acquisition?
Sight is in a three place relationship; the seer, the seen and the light source
The sun is necessary in the existing realm; it enables us to see
In the intelligible realm; the forms
The form of "the good" is the sun
**"goodness" is the form of all forms (knowledge for Plato is the forms) if knowledge is certain, then is needs to be of unchanging things**
Plato uses the sun as a metaphor for the good
In the visible realm the sun gives us a better picture; in the intelligible realm the good gives us the best picture.
Line of Distinction drawn between knowledge and belief:
Stages of cognition: Intelligence= reason and dialectic or Thinking= understanding
Objects of cognition: Form of the good or pure/applied math and science (empirical generalizations)
Stages of cognition: Belief= faith and conviction or imagining= perceiving
objects of cognition: visible things or mirror images/ shadows
The idea of the dialectic; best way to gain knowledge of the good. NOT empirical study. In other words, conversation is the best way to gain knowledge.
In the Allegory of the cave, the shadows and the fire are the particulates and the outside and the sun are the forms.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 9:04 pm ad1c9bdddf>