The University of California was concerned about the fact that most of the students accepted to the medical school were Caucasians. They felt that whites had a historical advantage over minorities because of differences in educational opportunities, etc. In response, the Board of Regents put into place a policy that said 16 of the 100 openings in the medical school each year would go to "non-whites." In 1973, one student, a Caucasian, was denied admission because of the new policy. However, his grades, test scores, etc. showed he was clearly better qualified than some of the people admitted under the Board's policy of reserving 16 spaces for minorities. The Caucasian student sued the Board. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in his favor, and the Board of Regents was ordered to admit the student. This has been referred to as a case of reverse discrimination. Please comment on your feelings about the Court's opinion.
This is one of the main issues with these types of policies, and we see court cases that are similar regarding employment. Candidate A was not hired because candidate B is a minority and the company has an affirmative action policy in place. Candidate A sues and it is discovered that he/she was actually more qualified than candidate B. The same situation often occurs when companies promote from within. If the employer is a large one and has an affirmative action ...
This solution discusses reverse discrimination and the University of California Medical school.