List some of the common ways to identify an individual who is a victim of domestic violence. Explain how to effectively approach a situation in which a person you encounter is a victim of this crime. Support your position with evidence, research, and/or data. (List citations as necessary.)
There are some very obvious and some not so obvious ways to identify victims of domestic violence.
The most obvious are the physical signs such as bruising on the body, especially on parts that cannot be hidden, such as the face.
Frequent crying and anyone who seems depressed.
If it's a co-worker, the co-worker may be consistently absent from work and when present, does not engage in social interactions with other co-workers and keeps to themselves most of the time.
Decreased productivity and attentiveness.
Isolation from friends and family.
Insufficient resources to live (money, credit cards, car).
Lack of trust in others
Feelings of abandonment
Sensitivity to rejection
Chronic health problems
Inability to work
If the person visits a doctor for the following reasons or the doctor observes any of the following, it can mean that the person (either male or female) is a victim of domestic violence.
Multiple visits for vague somatic complaints
Frequent walk-in or ER visits
Multiple missed appointments
Previous abusive relationships or child abuse
Past suicide attempts
Over-solicitous partner who will not leave the patient
On the Physical exam:
Central pattern of injury, multiple injuries
Facial bruises/fractures, tympanic membrane rupture
Breast injuries/broken ribs
Multiple injuries in various stages of healing
Burns in unusual places or ...
Characteristics of women who are victims of domestic abuse/violence.