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Criminologists vs Criminalists; White-collar vs Blue-collar; Part I Index vs Part II index crimes

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Explain the differences between criminologists and criminalists, and their respective areas of study.
Discuss the differences between white-collar crime and blue-collar crime. Which types of crime are measured by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the Uniform Crime Reports? Which of the two (blue-collar or white-collar crime) are focused on heavily in popular culture through the media?
What is the difference between a Part I index crime and a Part II index crime as measured in the Uniform Crime Reports of the FBI? Which Part I crimes would you classify as violent crimes, and which would you classify as property crimes?

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Solution Preview

A simple way to understand the difference between criminolgists and criminalists is to think about the different aspects of crime. Crime, and crime investigation typically involves both physical evidence and social/behavioral analysis. Criminalists focus on the physical evidence. They use forensic science to analyze and link physical evidence from the crime scene to the possible offender. They identify and test physical samples, and work in a lab, using scientific equipment. Criminalists can specialize in certain kinds of evidence, like DNA identification.

Criminologists look at the "soft" aspects of criminal science. They look at patterns of behavior in offenders. They often do research of patterns of crime and ...

Solution Summary

The expert explains the differences between criminologists and criminologists. White-collar crimes and blue-collar crimes are discussed.