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    Technology in Criminal Justice/Integration

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    1. Provide some examples of how technology has been accepted and integrated into various parts of the criminal justice system. Analyze how the integration of technology into the more mundane aspects of police work, such as completing paperwork, has increased officer productivity and decreased resource costs.

    2. You have been asked to take part in a meeting regarding the possible benefit of purchasing some advanced forensic technologies to aid the currently outdated equipment at your local crime lab. Attending the discussion will be the city manager, police chief, and senior investigators from your department's criminal investigation division (including you). Your chief would like you and the other investigators to really sell the benefits and potential of advanced forensic capabilities to the city manager. In preparation for the meeting, analyze some possible benefits of upgrading your laboratory's forensic equipment and capability. Additionally, prepare a detailed outline with talking points you could use to contribute to the meeting. Be sure to have examples ready of some advanced forensic tools, their basic purpose, and how those tools would benefit your laboratory and department if successfully integrated into your available forensic arsenal.

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    STEP 1

    Examples of how technology has been accepted and integrated into criminal justice system:

    1. Police officers wear vests that can stop bullets.
    2. During probation there is electronic monitoring.
    3. Telemedicine is used to treat prisoners.
    4. Computerized crime maps can be used to assess the incidence of crime.
    5. Police officers can use library resources of the world through the internet.
    6. Probation officers can use electronic monitoring devices to tract the movements of probationers.
    7. Victims of stalking can get alerted if someone gets close to them.
    8. Investigators can scan a large number of databases to find information of people under investigation.
    9. A hand held device can detect if the suspect is armed.
    10. Weapons detection apparatus can check the incoming crowd at concerts.
    11. Schools have weapons detection systems.
    12. Portable DNA labs can be taken to crime scenes, samples can be tested and results got immediately.
    13. DNA testing has proved that several persons had wrongly been convicted of crime.
    14. Urine testing can produce immediate results if the person has consumed drugs.
    15. The technologies such as bio essays, hair tests and sweat patches can immediately detect drug usage.

    This material is taken from the website: http://mitpress.mit.edu" Is DNA technology the ultimate diviner of guilt or the ultimate threat to civil liberties? Over the past decade, DNA has been used to exonerate hundreds and to convict thousands. Its expanded use over the coming decade promises to recalibrate significantly the balance between collective security and individual freedom. For example, it is possible that law enforcement DNA databases will expand to include millions of individuals not convicted of any crime. Moreover, depending on what rules govern access, such databases could also be used for purposes that range from determining paternity to assessing predispositions to certain diseases or behaviors. Thus the use of DNA technology will involve tough trade-offs between individual and societal interests." http://mitpress.mit.edu

    STEP 2

    Benefits of purchasing advanced forensic technologies:

    There is a need for purchasing advanced forensic technologies for recovering information from computer hard drives and backup tapes:

    These include files that were only viewed, lost or encrypted files, file fragments and unsaved files.
    This is important to help us search for financial data, text files, e-mail, documents, spreadsheets and word processor data and data bases.
    This forensic device will be most useful for:

    1. Systems reconstruction;
    2. Asset ...

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