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Rehabilitation in Prison and Probation

Please help me with the following:

- Definition and origins of rehabilitation in prison.
- Definition of parole and how it differs from mandatory release.
- Definition of probation and how it compares to other forms of sentencing.
- Definition and options of community corrections.
- Critique the current rehabilitation options:
--- Is there a better solution to the current parole process?
--- Is there a better solution to the current probation system?
--- Are there better solutions than the current community corrections options?

Solution Preview

Rememeber - we here at BrainMass cannot answer these directly for you. What we do is provide a set of ideas to help you answer the questions on your own. I'll also include some links for good information.

Let's get to the basics:

Parole: (from the Legal Dictionary)

"1) The release of a convicted criminal defendant after he/she has completed part of his/her prison sentence, based on the concept that, during the period of parole, the released criminal can prove he/she is rehabilitated and can "make good" in society. A parole generally has a specific period and terms such as reporting to a parole officer, not associating with other ex-convicts, and staying out of trouble. Violation of the terms may result in revocation of parole and a return to prison to complete his/her sentence.

This occurs after a certain amount of jail time. Usually done for good behavior.

Probation (from the Legal Dictionary):

"A chance to remain free (or serve only a short time) given by a judge to a person convicted of a crime instead of being sent to jail or prison, provided the person can be good. ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses rehabilitation in prisons and probation.